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MOT 135

Absolutely on the Renal Test

Where are the kidneys located? Retroperitoneal area
What is the membrane that covers the kidneys called? Renal fascia
What is the function of the kidneys? Filter and form urine / eliminate waste from the body
What do the ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra do? Transport urine out of the body.
What are the 4 functions of the renal system? Also known as the 4 Rs. Regulation of blood volume, regulation of electrolyte content of the blood, regulation of pH balance of the blood, regulation of volume, electrolyte content and pH balance of blood tissue fluid.
Cytoplasm or interstitial fluid are other names for what? tissue fluid
The glomerulus is surrounded by what? Bowman's Capsule
Between the layers of Bowman's capsule the fluid that will become urine is called what? Renal Filtrate
What hormone responds to an increase in potassium, decrease in sodium, and decrease in blood pressure? Aldosterone
What hormone responds to an stretching of the arterial walls due to increase in blood pressure and an increase in blood volume? ANH
What hormone responds to a decrease in body water volume? ADH
Where does glomular filtration occur? renal corpuscles
What are the steps of urine formation in correct order? glomular filtration, tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion.
What hormone is responsible for maintaining blood volume and blood pressure? Aldosterone
The _______ carries urine from the urinary bladder to the exterior of the body. Urethra
What is another word for urination? Micturition or voiding
List the characteristics of urine: Amount, color, specific gravity, pH, constituents, and Nitrogenous waste
The yellow color of urine comes from the breakdown of bile and is called what? Urochrome
_______ receives filtrate from a glomerulus. Bowman's Capsule
________ is the organ responsible for the formation of urine. Kidney
________ is the measure of the dissolved materials in urine. Specific gravity
___________ carries urine from the kidney to the bladder Ureter
_________ is the smooth muscle layer in the wall of the bladder. Detrusor Muscle
When smooth muscles in the ureter contract and move urine towards the urinary bladder, these contractions are called what? peristalsis
The kidneys consist of the outer layer _________, inner layer___________ and cavity __________. Name them. Renal cortex, Renal Medulla, Renal Pelvis
During active transport, what energy is used to transport materials from filtrate to the blood? ATP
During passive transport, what follows positive ions? Negative ions
During osmosis, what is reabsorbed? Water
During pinocytosis, proteins that are too large to be absorbed by active transport are absorbed through what part of the cell? Cell membrane
The glomerulus is surrounded by what capsule? Bowman's
Between the layers of Bowman's capsule, the fluid that will become urine is called what? Renal filtrate
List the three steps in the formation of urine. Glomerular filtration, Tubular reabsorption, Tubular secretion
When collecting tubules in the renal tubule unite, they form _______________ that empties urine into the ___________ of the renal pelvis. Papillary duct, Calyx
The outer layer of the kidney is called? Renal Cortex
The inner layer of the kidney is called? Renal Medulla
The cavity of the kidney is called? The renal pelvis
The indention in each kidney is called? Hilus
The ureters are the tubes that extend from the hilus of the kidney to the bladder and do what? Allow the urine to flow out of the body
The folds in the urinary bladder that allow it to expand are called what? Rugae
The procedure to visualize the internal structures of the urethra and bladder that allow us to take biopsies of these areas is called what? Cystoscopy
The instrument used to visualize the internal structures of the urethra and bladder that allow us to take biopsies of these areas is called what? Cystoscope
_________ is the gradual and progressive loss of nephrons with irreversible loss of renal function. Chronic Renal Failure
_______________ basement membrane of glomerulus causes protein loss. Nephrotic syndrome
_____________ is another name for kidney stones. Renal calculi
____________ is inflammation and swelling of glomeruli of both kidneys. Acute glomerulonephritis
_________________ increase abdominal pressure forces urine through bladder sphincter. Stress incontinence
The most common type of renal disease that has inflammation of the renal pelvis and connective tissue of one or both kidneys is called? Pyleonephritis
Slow progressive noninfectious disease that can lead to irreversible renal damage and failure is called? Chronic glomerulonephritis
This condition presents as renal changes resulting from diabetes mellitus called Glomerulosclerosis. Diabetic Neuropathy
This condition is cause by abnormal dilatation of the renal pelvis caused by pressure from obstructed urine flow. Hydronephrosis
Sudden, severe reduction or renal function is called? Acute renal failure
What does it mean when the urinalysis is normal? The kidneys are working properly because there is: Proper filtration, Proper absorption, Proper waste elimination, Proper electrolyte and fluid balance.
Created by: kbcanarr