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The principal motivation shaping the earliest settlements in New England was religious commitment and devotion
Compared with the Plymouth Colony, the Massachusetts Bay Colony was larger and more economically prosperous
One reason that the Massachusetts Bay Colony was not a true democracy is only church members could vote for the governor and the General Court
One distinctive feature of Rhode Island Colony is that it enjoyed the most complete religious freedom of all the English colonies
Before the first settlement in New England, local Indian population had been devastated by disease epidemics caused by contact with fisherman
The Indian tribe that first encountered the English colonists in New England were the wampanoags
The puritan missionary efforts to convert the Indians to Christianity were mostly weak and ineffective
King Phillip's war represented the last major Indian effort to halt New Englands' encroachment on their lands
The primary value in the New England Confederation lay in providing the first small step to intercolonial cooperation
The event that sparked the collaps of the Dominion of New England was the glorious revolution in england
The Dutch colony of New Netherlands was harshly and undemocratically governed
The short-lived Swedish colony conquered by the Dutch New Netherlands was New Sweden
William Penn's colony of Pennsylvania actively sought settlers from Germany and other non-British countries
The middle colonies of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware had more ethnic diversity than either New England or the southern colonies
Besides Pennsylvania, quakers were also heavily involved in founding New Jersey and Delaware
The dominant religious group in Massachusetts bay Puritans
Founder of the most tolerant and democratic of the middle colonies William Penn
Mass flight from the religious dissidents from persecutions of Archbishop Laud and Charles I Great Puritan Migration
Small colony that eventually fused into Massachusetts Bay Plymouth
Religious dissenter convicted of heresy and antinomianism Anne Hutchinson
Indian leader who successfully waged war against New England King Phillip
German monk who began the protestant reformation Martin Luther
Religious group persecuted in Massachusetts and New York, but not Pennsylvania quakers
Representative assembly of Massachusetts Bay General Court
Promoter of Massachusetts Bay as a "city upon a hill" John Winthrop
Conqueror of New Sweden who eventually lost New Netherlands to England Peter Stuyvesant
Reformer whose religious ideas inspired English Puritans, Scotch Presbyterians, French Hugenots and Dutch Reformed John Calvin
Wampanoag chieftain who befriended English Colonists Massasoit
Colony whose government sought to enforce God's Law on believers and non-believers alike Massachusetts Bay
Radical founder of the most tolerant New England Colony Roger Williams
Sixteenth-century reform movement started by Martin Luther protestantism
English Calvanists who sought a thorough cleansing from within the Church of England. Puritans
Radical Calvanists who thought the Church of England so corrupt that they broke with it and formed their new and independant churches Separatists
The shipboard agreement signed by the Pilgrim Fathers to establish a body politic and submit to majority rule Mayflower Compact
Puritan term for the belief that Massachusetts Bay had a special arrangement with God to become a holy society covenant
Charles I's political action of 1629 that led to persecution of the Puritans and the formation of the Massachusetts Bay Company. dismissal of parliament
The two major nonfarming industries of Massachusetts Bay. fishing and shipbuilding
Anne Hutchinson's heretical belief that the truly saved need not obey human or divine law. antinomianism
Common fate of Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson after they were convicted of heresay in Massachusetts Bay. Banishment or exile
Villages where New England Indians who converted to Christianity were gathered. "praying" villagies
Successful military action by the colonies united in the New England Confederation. King Phillip's War
English revolt that also led to the overthrow of the Dominion of New England in America. Glorious revolution
River valley where vast estates created an aristocratic landholding elite in New Netherland and New York. Hudson
Required, sworn statements of loyalty or religious belief, resisted by Quakers. test oaths
Common activity in which the colonists engaged to avoid the restictive, unpopular Navigation Laws. smuggling
Created by: guesswho



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