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CCNN Intro to Body

The Human Body in Health and Illness Chap 1

Right Upper Quadrant (RUQ) Contains the right lobe of the liver, gallbladder, part of the pancreas and part of the small and large intestines.
Left Upper Quadrant (LUQ) Contains the left lobe of the liver, stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, and part of the small and large intestines.
Right Lower Quadrant (RLQ) Contains part of the small and large intestines, appendix, right ovary, right fallopian tube, right ureter.
Left Lower Quadrant (LLQ) Contains part of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter.
Anatomical Position The body is standing erect, with the face forward, the arms at the sides, and the toes and palms of the hands directed forward.
Superior (Relative Position) Above another part or is closer to the head.
Inferior (Relative Position) A part is located below another part or is closer to the feet.
Anterior/Ventral (Relative Position) Toward the front surface (the belly surface)
Posterior/Dorsal (Relative Position) Toward the back surface (the back's surface)
Medial (Relative Position) Toward the midline of the body.
Lateral (Relative Position) Away from the midline of the body.
Proximal (Relative Position) The part is nearer the point of attachment, often the trunk of the body.
Distal (Relative Position) The part is farther away from the point of attachment than is another part.
Superficial (Relative Position) The part is located on or near the surface of the body.
Deep (Relative Position) The part is located away from the surface of the body.
Central (Relative Position) The part is located in the center.
Peripheral (Relative Position) The part is away from the center.
Right Hypochondriac Region Upper right region at the level of the ninth rib cartilage.
Left Hypochondriac Region Upper left region at the level of the ninth rib cartilage.
Epigastric Region Region over the stomach.
Right Lumbar Region Right middle lateral region.
Left Lumbar Region Left middle lateral region.
Umbilical Region In the center, between the right and left lumber region; at the naval.
Right Iliac (Inguinal) Region Right lower lateral region.
Left Iliac (Inguinal)Region Left lower lateral region.
Hypogastric Region Lower middle region below the navel.
Dorsal Cavity Located toward the back of the body and has two divisions, the cranial cavity and the spinal (vertebral) cavity.
Cranial Cavity Located within the skull and contains the brain.
Spinal Cavity Extends downward from the cranial cavity and is surrounded by bony vertebrae; contains the spinal cord.
Ventral Cavity Located toward the front of the body and has two divisions, the thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity.
Thoracic Cavity Located above the diaphragm and is surrounded by the rib cage. It is divided into two compartments by the midiastinum.
Pleural Cavity Located in the thoracic cavity, the right and left lungs are located on either side of the midiastinum.
Abdominopelvic Cavity Located below the diaphragm. The upper portion of this cavity is the abdominal cavity. The lower portion of this cavity is the pelvic cavity.
Abdominal Cavity Contains the stomach, most of the intestine, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen and kidneys.
Pelvic Cavity Contains the remainder of the intestines, the rectum, urinary bladder and internal parts of the reproductive system.
Created by: DebraF



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