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Gland-Hormone-func

QuestionAnswer
Hormones produced by the Anterior pituitary: FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH, GH, PRL
Hormones produced by the Posterior pituitary: Oxytocin and ADH
Hormones produced by the Thyroid gland: Thyroid hormone and Calcitonin
PArathyroid gland produces: parathyroid hormone
Adrenal gland(medulla) produces: epinephrine and norepinephrine
Adrenal gland (cortex) produces: mineralcorticoids(aldosterone) glucorticoids Gonadocorticoids(androgen and estrogen)
Pancreas produces: Insulin and Glucagon
Ovary produces: estrogen and progesterone
Testis produces: tesosterone
Thymus produces: Thymosin and thymopoietin
Pineal gland produces: Melatonin
Follicle-stimulating Hormone regulates gamete production and hormonal activity of the gonads
Luteinizing hormone (LH) regulate gamete production and hormonal activity of the gonads
Adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) regulates the endocrine activity of the cortex portion of the adrenal gland
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) influences growth and activity of the thyroid gland
Growth hormone (GH) metabolic hormone, determines body size, growth of muscle and long bones
Prolactin (PRL) stimulates breast development, promotes and maintains lactation, may stimulate testosterone production in males
Oxytocin stimulates uterine contractions during childbirth and coitus, causes milk ejection
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) causes distal and collecting tubules of kidneys to reabsorb more water, reduces urine output and conserves water, increases blood pressure
Thyroid hormone (TH) (T4 and T3) controls rate of body metabolism and cellular oxidation
Calcitonin decreases blood calcium levels by stimulating calcium salt deposit in bones
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) important regulator of calcium balance in blood, causes release of calcium from bone matrix and prods kidneys to reabsorb more calcium and less phosphate from filtrate, stimulates kidneys to activate Vitamin D
epinephrine and norepinephrine increased rate and force of contraction of heart, constricts blood vessels, dialates bronchioles, stimulates lipolysis, increases metabolic rate, dilation of pupils, inhibition of gastrointestinal secretion; fight-or-flight response
mineralocorticoids (Aldosterone) regulate water and electrolyte balance in extracellular fluids, regulate sodium ion reabsorption by kidney tubules
glucocorticoids (Cortisone, Hydrocortisone, Corticosterone) enable body to resist long-term stressors by increasing blood glucose
gonadocorticoids (androgens and estrogens) sex hormones, effect usually masked by hormones of ovaries and testes
Insulin decreases blood sugar levels by accelerating transport of glucose into body cells where it is converted to glycogen or fat
Glucagon antagonistic to insulin, stimulates the liver to break down its glycogen stores to glucose and release glucose to the blood
Estrogen secondary sex char. of females at puberty, act with progesterone to bring about cyclic changes in uterine lining during menstrual cycle, prepare mammary glands for lactation
Progesterone acts with estrogen to bring about menstrual cycle, helps maintain uterine musculature during pregnancy, helps to prepare breast tissue for lactation
Testosterone promotes maturation of reproductive system accessory structures, brings about development of male secondary sex char. at puberty, responsible for sexual libido
Thymosin and Thymopoietin help direct maturation and specialization of Tcells, a type of white blood cell
Melatonin plays role in biological rhythms (mating and migratory behavior), role in humans controversial
Created by: 609233148
 

 



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