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Urinary System

TermDefinition
creatinine clearance testing measurements of the level of creatinine in the blood and in a 24-hour urine specimen to determine the rate at which creatinine is "cleared" from the blood by the kidneys
extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) procedure using ultrasound outside the body to bombard and disintegrate a stone within; most commonly used to treat urinary stones above the bladder
rectoscope urologic endoscope inserted through the urethra to reset (cut and remove) lesions of the bladder, urethra, or prostate
nephr/o, ren/o kidney
ketone bodies, ketone compounds acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid; products of metabolism that appear in the urine from the body's abnormal utilization of carbohydrates, such as occurs in uncontrolled diabetes or starvation
VCU or VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
renal pertaining to the kidney
pH measure of acidity or alkalinity of urine
poly- suffix meaning many
Bx biopsy
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
-logist suffix for a specialist in the study of a special area
incontinence involuntary discharge of urine or feces
pyeloplasty surgical reconstruction of the renal pelvis
UA urinalysis
abdominal sonogram abdominal ultrasound image of the urinary tract, including the kidney and bladder
antibacterial agent that kills bacteria such as soap
scout film plain-film x-ray image obtained to detect any obvious pathology before further imaging
-scope instrument for examination
-algia, -dynia suffix meaning pain
stent placement use of a device (stent) to hold open vessels or tubes (e.g., an obstructed ureter)
cyst/o, vesic/o bladder or sac
-oid suffix meaning resembling
IVU intravenous urogram
ureter/o ureter
pyuria presence of white cells in the urine, usually indicating infection
nephrolithiasis presence of stones in the kidney
straight catheter a type catheter that is inserted through the urethra into the bladder to relieve urinary retention or to collect a sterile, specimen of urine for testing; the catheter is removed immediately after the procedure
urethrocytosis inflammation of the urethra and bladder
antispasmodic drug that relieves spasm
glomerul/o glomerulus (small ball)
polyuria condition of excessive urination
Bilirubin chemical test used to detect bilirubin in the urine; seen in gallbladder and liver disease
Created by: kstalling1
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