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Digestive System

col/o colon
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammation of the colon with ulcerations
glossectomy Surgical excision of all or part of the tongue
colorectal polyps benign tissue growths on the mucous membrane lining the large intestine and rectum; adenomatous types are precancerous and likely to develop into malignancy
Capsule endoscopy the use of a tiny video camera in a capsule that the patient swallows
esophagoplasty surgical repair of the esophagus
computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen cross-sectional x-ray imaging of the abdomen used to identify a condition or anomaly within the gastrointestinal tract
Proctitis inflammation of the rectum and anus
esophagoplasty surgical repair of the esophagus
umbilical region region of the navel
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
pancreat/o pancreas
parotitis inflammation of the parotid gland; also called mumps and parotiditis
glossitis inflammation of the tongue
cholecystectomy excision of the gallbladder
duoden/o duodenum
pharynx throat; passageway for food traveling to the esophagus and for air traveling to the larynx
appendic/o combining form for appendix
laparotomy incision into the abdomen
constipation infrequent or incomplete bowel movements characterized by hardened, dry stool that is difficult to pass
Endoscopy examination within a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnosis or treatment; used in the gastrointestinal tract to detect abnormalities and to perform procedures such as biopsy, excision of lesions, and therapeutic interventions
an/o anus
bil/i bile
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
enter/o small intestine
gingiv/o gum
ile/o ileum
Barium enema xray of the lower intestence after being given a dye
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
jaundice yellow discoloration of the skin, sclera (white of the eye), and other tissues caused by excessive bilirubin in the blood (jaundice = yellow); also called icterus
eructation belch
melena dark-colored, tarry stool caused by old blood
inguin/o groin
large intestine larger tubular structure that receives the liquid waste products of digestion, reabsorbs water and minerals, and forms and stores feces for defecation
endoscopic ultrasonography ducts that convey bile; include the common hepatic, cystic, and common bile ducts
Created by: kstalling1
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