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Anatomical Positions

Anatomical Position a person is standing upright with the head and feet facing forward, the arms at the sides, and the palms of the hands facing forward
Anatomical Planes the human body is divided into three imaginary, flat sections
Frontal Plane also called the coronal plane, is a vertical plane that divides the body into front and back sections
Anterior the front of the body; head end
Dorsal the back of the body
Ventral belly side of the body
Posterior refers to the tail end, or rear, of the body
Mid-Sagittal Plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into equal left and right halves
Sagittal Plane divides the body vertically into unequal left and right sections
Medial near the midline, or center, of the body
Lateral near the side of the body; farther from the midline (center) of the body
Proximal near the point of origin
Distal away from the point of origin
Transverse horizontal plane that divides the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior)
Superior located closer to the top of the head in relation to a specific reference
Inferior located near the soles of the feet in relation to a particular reference point on the body
Erect normal standing position
Fowler’s position semi-sitting position; head of bed elevated
knee-chest lying facedown with knees bent while resting on the knees and chest
lateral left or right side; lying position
prone lying flat with the face down
Sims’ position lying on the side with the hip and knee straight, and the other hip and knee bent or flexed
supine lying flat with the face up
Created by: user-1482198
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