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Abdomen and Inguinal

Study Q's for Abdomen and Inguinal Ligament

The rectus sheath is what type of CT? Tendon. Dense, regular CT
What are the inguinal ligament attachments? ASIS and Pubic Tubercle (most inferior portion of external oblique apon)
Which two anterolateral abdominal muscles have attachments to the thoracolumbar fascia?significance? Transverse abdominus and Internal Abdominal oblique. Creates the “core” Strong muscular cylinder to stabilize the lumbar vertebrae
Name the boundaries of the inguinal canal? Floor:Inguinal Ligament Anterior: External Oblique Aponeurosis Posterior:conjoint tendon Superior:no roof
What is the superficial inguinal ring and where is it located? It is a defect in the aponeurosis of the external oblique. It is located 2/3 of the way down to pubic tubercle
The aponeurosis of which two structures come together to form the conjoint tendon? Internal Oblique and Transversus Abdominis
What structures fill the deep inguinal ring in Males?In Females? Males: Spermatacord, vas deferens, vessels. Females: Round ligament of uterus, small nerves and vessels
What are the two types of inguinal hernias? Direct and Indirect
In inguinal hernias, contents of abdomen (specifically portions of small intestine) herniate through abdominal wall and create a bulge in the region of _____________________ inguinal ligament at superficial inguinal ring
True/False: In a direct inguinal hernia, the abdominal contents go directly through the abdominal wall and bulge at the superficial inguinal ring TRUE. As opposed to an indirect inguinal hernia, the contents run through Inguinal Canal.
What is the main distinguishing factor of Sports Hernias from inguinal hernias? There is pain at the region of superficial inguinal ring, but typically no bulging
Pain with sports hernias is caused by tearing and fraying of tendons of which two muscles as they attach to pubic tubercle? Conjoint Tendon (Transversus Abdominis & Internal Oblique) and Rectus Abdominus
What forms the deep inguinal ring? outpouching of the transversalis fascia
Which is the most common type of inguinal hernia? Indirect Hernia
Created by: Phillypino