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words definitions

medical words

Aka above-knee amputation
BKA below-knee amputation
DJD degenerative joint disease
Fx fracture
LS lumbosacral
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
PROM passive range of motion
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RF rheumatoid factor
ROM range of motion
THR total hip replacement
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
TMJ temporomandibular joint
TX, TX traction
appendicular skeleto: The bones that form the limbs or extremities of the body.
axial skeleto: The bones of the skull, rib cage, and spinal column; the bones that form the trunk of the body.
carpals: Bone of the wrist.
clasicles: Collarbone.
cranium: Part of the skull; the eight bones of the head that enclose the brain.
diaphysis: The shaft, or middle section og a long bone.
endosteum: Membrane lining the medullary canal of a bpne.
epiphysis: The end or head at the extremity of a long bone.
femur: The bone of the leg; the longest and strongest bone in the body.
fibula: Outer bone of the lower leg.
fontanels: Allow for the enelargement of the skull as brain groath occurs.
foramina: A passage or opening; a hole in a bone through which blood vesseles or nerves pass.
humerus: Long bone of the upper arm.
joints: An articulation, or area where two bones meet or join.
ligaments: Fibrous tissue that connects bones to bones.
medullary canal: Inner or central, portion of a long bone.
metacarapals: Bone of the hand between the wrist and each finger.
metatarsals: Bone of the foot between the instep and each toe.
os coxae: The hipbone; formed by the union of the ilium, ischium, and pubis.
patella: The kneecap.
periosteum: Fibrous membrane that couers the bones exept at joint areas.
phalanges: Bones of the fingers and toes.
radius: Long bone of the forearm, between the wrist and elbaw.
red marrow: Soft tissue in the epiphyses of long bones.
ribs: Also called costae, twels pairs of norrow, curved bones that surroud yhe thoracic cavity.
scapula: Shoulder blade or bone.
sinuses: Cavity or air space in a bone.
skeletal system: Is made of organs called bones.
sterum: Breastbone.
sutures: Surgical stitch used to join the edges of an incision or wound; also, an area where bones join or fuse thogether.
tarsals: One of seven bones that form the instep of the foot.
tibia: Inner and large bone of the lower leg between the knee and ankle.
ulna: Long bone in the forearm, between the wrist and elbow.
vertebrae: Bones of the spinal column.
yellow marrow: Soft tissue in the diaphyses of long bones.
Created by: MonicaRegina



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