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MCKAY CHPATER 23

RADICAL IDEAS & EARLY SOCIALISM

QuestionAnswer
Battle of Peterloo a protest that took place at Saint Peter’s Fields in Manchester that was broken up by armed cavalry in reaction to the revision of the Corn Laws.
bourgeoisie the middle class.
Carlsbad Decrees issued in 1819, these decrees required the 38 German member states to root out subversive idea in their universities and newspapers.
Congress of Vienna a meeting of Russia, Prussia, Austria and Great Britain to fashion a peace settlement having defeated France.
Corn Laws laws revised in 1815 that prohibited the importation of foreign grain trade unless the price at home rose to improbable levels.
doers the leading scientists, engineers and industrialists (according to Count Henri de Saint-Simon the doers would plan the economy and guide it forward by undertaking public works projects and establishment investment banks).
dual revolution a term that historian Eric Hobsbawn used for the economic and political changes that tended to fuse, reinforcing each other.
Great Famine the result of four years of crop failure in Ireland, a country that had grown dependent of potatoes as a dietary staple.
Holy Alliance an alliance formed by Austria, Russia and Prussia in September of 1815 that became a symbol of the repression of liberal and revolutionary movements all over Europe.
laissez faire economic liberalism that believes in unrestricted private enterprise and no government interference in the economy
Liberalism the principle ideas of which are equality and liberty, demanded representative government and equality before the law as well as individual freedoms such as freedom of press, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly and freedom from arbitrary arrest
nationalism the idea that each people had its own genius and its own cultural unity – this cultural unity was self-evident, manifesting itself especially in a common language, history and territory.
parasites the court, the aristocracy, lawyers and church men (according to Count Henri de Saint-Simon the key to progress was social organization and this required parasites to give way to doers).
proletariat the modern working class.
romanticism a movement that was revolting against classicism and the Enlightenment, it was characterized by a belief in emotional exuberance, unrestrained imagination, and spontaneity in both art and personal life.
socialism a backlash against the emergence of individualism and fragmentation of society it was a move towards cooperation and a sense of community, the key ideas were panning, greater economic equality and state regulation of property.
Sturm und Drang “Storm and Stress”, German early Romantics of the 1770s and 1780s who lived lives of tremendous emotional intensity – suicides, duels, madness and strange illnesses were common.
Created by: mcdougcf