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White Module

Combining forms, Prefixes and Suffixes

albin/o white
albumin/o Albumin (protein)
all/o divergence, difference from, opposition to the normal
amni/o amnion (amniotic sac)
andr/o male
bacteri/o bacteria (pl bacterium)
balan/o glans penis
cali/o calyx
calic/o calyx
cervic/o neck; cervix uteri (neck of uterus)
colp/o vagina
crypt/o hidden
cyst/o bladder
cyt/o cell
epididym/o epididymis
episi/o vulva
galact/o milk
glomerul/o glomerulus
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o blood
hyster/o uterus (womb)
idi/o unknown, peculiar
labi/o lip
lact/o milk
lapar/o abdomen
leuk/o white
lith/o stone
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
men/o menses; menstruation
metr/o uterus (womb);
myc/o fungus (pl. fungi)
nat/o birth
nephr/o kidney
noct/o night
olig/o scanty
oophor/o ovary
orchi/o testis (pl. testes)
orch/i testis (pl. testes)
orchid/o testis (pl. testes)
ov/i egg
ov/o egg
ovari/o ovary
perine/o perineum (area between scrotum (or vulva in female) and anus
prostat/o prostate gland
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
ren/o kidney
salping/o tube (usually fallopian or eustachian (auditory) tube)
spermat/o spermatozoa; sperm cells
ur/o urine, urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
urin/o urine
uter/o uterus (womb)
vagin/o vagina
vas/o vessel; vas deferens; duct
vesic/o bladder
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
vulv/o vulva
PREFIXES/SUFFIXES ****************
a-, an- without, not
-al P2
-algia pain
-ar P2
-arche Beginning
-ary P2
-cele hernia, swelling
-centesis surgical puncture
-clasis To break, surgical fracture
-cyesis pregnancy
dys- painful, difficult, bad
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-ectomy excision, removal
endo- within, in
epi- above, upon, on
-genesis forming, producing, origin
-gram record, writing
-graphy process of recording
-gravida pregant woman
hyper- excessive, above normal
hypo- under, below, deficient
-iasis abnormal condition (produced by something specified)
inter- between
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
juxta- beside, next to
lacti- milk
-lysis destruction, separation, loosening
-malacia softening
-megaly enlargement
-metry act of measuring
multi- many, much
-ologist specialist in the study of
-oma tumour
-osis abnormal condition
-para to bear; offspring
-pathy disease
peri- around
-pexy fixation (of an organ)
-phobia fear
-plasty surgical repair
poly- many, much
primi- first
-ptosis prolapse, downward displacement
-rrhagia bursting forth (of)
-rrhaphy suture
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-salpinx tube (usually fallopian or eustachian (auditory) tube)
-schisis a splitting
-scopy visual examination
-tocia childbirth; labour
-tomy incision
-tripsy crushing
-triptor instrument for crushing
-uria urine
-version turning
Created by: Helen Swales