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the middle pigmented layer of the eye choroid
the blind spot optic disk
the outermost layer of the eye sclera
the membrane that lines the eyelid conjunctiva
the muscle that regulates the pupil iris
the point of sharpest vision fovea centralis
the transparent portion of the sclera that covers the front of the eye cornea
tears lacrimal
fluid that fills the space anterior to the lens aqueous humor
material that fills the eyeball vitreous body
region of the inner ear that contains the receptors for equilibrium estibular apparatus
ear wax cerumen
external part of the ear pinna
recepter for hearing organ of corti
small bones of the middle ear ossicles
circular structure at the front of the eye that changes in thickness for near and far vision is the lens
innermost layer of the eye retria
ear ossicle that is furthest awaty from the ear drum stapes
bending of light ray as they pass through the media of the eye refraction
crainal nerve that carries visual impulses from retina to the brain opic
coiled portion of the inner ear that contains the organ of hearing cocial
the VIIIth crainal nerve is vestibulo
A communication between 2 vessels anastomosis
The largest artery aorta
The inner most layer of the blood vessel endothelium
Vessels that draininto the right atrium of the heart venae cavae
Vessels that supply blood to the heart muscle coronary arteries
A vessel that travels under the clavicle and supplies the arm subclavian artery)
A vessel that supplies the kidney renal artery
The first vessel that branches from the aortic arch brachiocephalic
A branch of the abdominal aorta celiac artery
A vessel located between ribs intercostal artery
A vein that drains blood from the stomach ( gastric vein)
A vessel that drains directly into the superior vena cava brachiocephalic vein)
The longest vein in the body saphenous vein
A vein that drains blood from the arm brachial vein)
A vessel that drains blood from the intestine inferior mesenteric vein)
A vessel that carries blood away from the heart is a(n) artery
A small vein is venuole
A microscopic vessel that allows for exchanges between the blood and body cells are capillary
The pulmonary circuit carries blood to the lungs
The circle of Willis is an anastomosis of arteries leading to the brain
The large vein that drains the upper part of the body and empties into the right atrium of the heart is the superior vena cava
A circulatory pathway that carries blood to a second capillary bed before it returns to the heart is a portal
A decrease in the diameter of a blood vessel is termed vasoconstriction
The hepatic portal sytem carries blood to the liver
The wave of pressure produced in the arteries with each beat of the heart is called pulse
In measuring blood pressure with a sphygmomanometer, the first reading is taken when the heart is contracting. This pressure is termed the systolic
is an unpaired artery brachiocephalic artery
supplied by the phrenic artery diaphragm
where carotid artery supplies blood head
supplies blood to the intestine mesenteric
where you find the cephalic, basilic and median cubital vein arm
the vein that drains blood from areas supplied by the carotid arteries jugular
where popliteal artery is near knee
aorta ends when it branches into these common iliac arteries
the left gastric, splenic, and hepatic arteries are all branches of this celiac trunk
a large venous channel sinus
form the brachiocephalic vein subclavian & jugular veins
main process involved in capillary exchange diffusion
does not help move blood back to the heart dialation of the vein
receptor may gradually stop responding to continued mild stimulus. abdeptation
receptors for pain free nerve endings
receptors in muscles, tendons, and joints that help judge the position of the body prople senses
receptors for pain are the free nerve endings
receptors for vision are rods and cones
accommodation of the eye is change in the thickness of lens for near vision
suspensory ligaments of the eye hold the lens
middle of the ear is the incus
optic nerve is the(?) cranial nerve 2nd
enlargement of the pupil is termed dilation
a clotting factor fibrinogen
a substance in blood that combats infection antibody
main carbohydrate in plasma glucose
a system of enzymes needed to help fight pathogens complement
most abundant protein in plasma albumin
white blood cells leukocytes
cells that give rise to all blood cells stem cells
giant cells that produce thrombocytes megakaryocytes
cell fragments active in blood clotting platelets
red blood cells erythrocytes
agranular white blood cells that are active in phagocytosis monocytes
most numerous of all blood cells erythrocytes
Granular white blood cells that show bright pink granules when stained eosinophils
the most numerous of the white blood cells neutrophils
white blood cells that produce antibodies lymphocytes
clumping of red cells when they are mixed with matching antiserum agglutination
presence of excess sugar in the blood hyperglycemia
excessive bleeding hemorrhage
process of stopping blood loss hemostasis
liquid portion of blood plasma
substance that makes up 90% ofblood plasma is water
protein that forms a blood clot fibrin
a person whose blood reacts with anti-B serum has blood type AB
average total volume percentage of red cells in whole blood is 5 liters
pH of the blood is kept at about 7.4
a centrifuge is used to spin blood to separate it
Erthropoietin is a hormone that stimulates RBC production
steps in prevention of blood loss: 1) vasoconstrction 2)formation of platelet plug 3)formationof blood clot
phagocytes among the white cells are neutrophils and monocytes
BUN nitrogen
blood cells are formed in red marrow
partition between the chambers of heart septum
membrane that lines the heart endocardium
lower pointed region of the heart apex
a structure that keeps blood moving forward in the heart valve
the outermost layer of the heart wall epicardium
threads that attach the valve flaps to the walls of ventricles chordae Tendineae
lower chamber of the heart ventricle
fibrous sac that encloses the heart pericardium
term for the valves at the entrance to the pulmonary artery and the aorta semilunar
an upper champer of the heart atrium
thick muscular layer of the heart wall is the myocardium
scientfic term for valve flap cusp
volume of blood pumped by each ventricle in 1 minute is the Cardic output
pacemaker of the heart SA nobe
relaxation phase of the cardiac cycle is called diastole
vessel that receives blood pumped out of the left ventricle atria
alternate name for the bundle of His is AV nobe
instrument used to record changes in electrical current produced in heart muscle electrocardiogram EKG
intercalated disk is modified membrane of a cardic muscle cell
coronary sinus collects blood from the myocarduim
volume of blood ejected from each ventricle with each beat stroke volume
parts of conduction system of heart Sa nobe,AV nobe, bundle of his , bundle branches purkinje fibers
sinus rhythm is triggered by the SA nobe
semilunar valves are the pulmonic and aortic
Cardiac output is the product of stroke volume and heart rate
device used to listen to heart sounds is stethoscope
the mitral valve has (?) 2
aorta carries blood into the systemic circuit
Created by: lee2005