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MT Chapter 14

-arche beginning
colp/o vagina (sheath)
gynec/o woman
lact/o milk
mamm/o breast
metr/o uterus
ovari/o ovary
vulv/o vulva (covering)
fundus upper portion of the uterus above the entry to the uterine tubes
myometrium muscular wall of the uterus
right uterine appendage right uterine tube and ovary
ovary one of two glands located on each side of the pelvic cavity that produce oocytes and female sex hormones
labia folds of tissue on either side of the vaginal opening; known as the labia majora and labia minora
vaginal orifice opening to the vagina, also called introitus
breasts protruding organs that contained the modified sweat glands called mammary glands that produce milk
nipple projection (mammary papilla) on the breast surface through which milk can be secreted; lactiferous ducts carry breast milk to the nipple and lactiferous sinuses are expanded chambers that converge on the nipple surface
amniotic sac innermost of the membranes surrounding the embryo in the uterus, filled with amniotic fluid; also called amnion
dyspareunia painful intercourse
metrorrhagia bleeding from the uterus at any time other than normal menstruation
dermoid cyst congenital tumor composed of displaced embryonic tissue (teeth, bone, cartilage, and hair); typically found in an ovary and usually benign
displacement of uterus displacement of the uterus from its normal position
fibromyoma benign tumor in the uterus composed of smooth muscle and fibrous connective tissue; also called fibroid or leiomyoma
rectovaginal fistula abnormal opening between the vagina and rectum
cervical neoplasia abnormal development of cervical tissue cells
menopause cessation of menstrual periods caused by lack of ovarian hormones
oophoritis inflammation of one or both ovaries
inflammation of one or both ovaries scarring of tissue within the pelvic cavity resulting from endometriosis, infection, or injury
pelvic floor relaxation relaxation of supportive ligaments of the pelvic organs
rectocele pouching of the rectum into the vagina
enterocele pouching sac of peritoneum between the vagina and the rectum
prolapse descent of the uterus down the vaginal canal
vaginitis inflammation of the vagina with redness, swelling, and irritation; often caused by a specific organism, such as Candida (yeast) or Trichomonas (a sexually transmitted parasite)
vaginosis infection of the vagina, with little or no inflammation, characterized by a milk-like discharge and an unpleasant odor; also known as nonspecific vaginitis
adenocarcinoma of the breast malignant tumor of glandular breast tissue
amastia absence of a breast
hypomastia unusually small breasts; also called micromastia
polymastia presence of more than two breasts
polythelia presence of more than one nipple on a breast;
pelvic sonography ultrasound imaging of the female pelvis
transabdominal sonogram ultrasound image of the lower abdomen, including the bladder, uterus, tubes, and ovaries, to detect conditions such as cysts and tumors
colporrhaphy suture to repair the vagina
colporrhaphy anterior repair repair of a cystocele
colporrhaphy posterior repair repair of a rectocele
cryosurgery method of destroying tissue by freezing; used for treating dysplasia and early cancers
hysterectomy removal of the uterus
vaginal hysterectomy vaginal hysterectomy
salpingotomy incision into a fallopian tube; often performed to remove an ectopic pregnancy
laser surgery use of a laser to destroy lesions or to dissect or cut tissue; used frequently in gynecology
threatened abortion bleeding with the threat of miscarriage
placenta previa displaced attachment of the placenta in the lower region of the uterine cavity
Created by: ghardin
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