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MT Chapter 11

an/o anus
appendic/o appendix
bil/i bile
celi/o abdomen
chol/e bile
dent/i teeth
duoden/o duodenum
gingiv/o gum
peritone/o peritoneum
stomat/o mouth
salivary glands three pairs of exocrine glands in the mouth that secrete saliva: the parotid, the submandibular, and the sublingual glands
lips fleshy structures surrounding the mouth
palate structure that forms the roof of the mouth; divided into the hard palate and the soft palate
uvula small projection hanging from the posterior middle edge of the soft palate
esophagus muscular tube that moves food from the pharynx to the stomach
ileum third portion of the small intestine
large intestine larger tubular structure that receives the liquid waste products of digestion, reabsorbs water and minerals, and forms and stores feces for defecation
defecation evacuation of feces from the rectum
peritoneal cavity space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum
omentum an extension of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and connecting it with other abdominal organs
epigastric region upper middle region below the sternum
inguinal regions lower lateral groin regions
hypogastric region region below the navel
ascites accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity
diarrhea constipation frequent loose or liquid stools infrequent or incomplete bowel movements characterized by hardened, dry stool that is difficult to pass
flatulence flatulence
halitosis bad breath
hepatomegaly enlargement of the liver
nausea feeling sick in the stomach
esophagitis inflammation of the esophagus
gingivitis inflammation of the gums
anal fistula an abnormal, tube-like passageway from the anus that may connect with the rectum
colorectal polyps benign tissue growths on the mucous membrane lining the large intestine and rectum; adenomatous types are precancerous and likely to develop into malignancy
intussusception prolapse of one part of the intestine into the lumen of the adjoining part
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
volvulus twisting of the bowel on itself, causing obstruction
cirrhosis chronic disease characterized by degeneration of liver tissue; most often caused by alcoholism or a nutritional deficiency
hepatitis A inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV), usually transmitted orally through fecal contamination of food or water
hepatitis C inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is transmitted by exposure to infected blood; this strain is rarely contracted sexually
incisional biopsy removal of a portion of a lesion
needle biopsy percutaneous removal of tissue or fluid using a special, hollow needle
laparoscopy examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope for diagnostic purposes and/or to perform surgery
barium swallow x-ray of the esophagus only; often used to locate swallowed objects
small bowel series x-ray examination of the small intestine; generally done in conjunction with an upper GI series
anastomosis union of two hollow vessels; a technique used in bowel surgery
cholecystectomy excision of the gallbladder; common treatment for symptomatic gallbladder disease
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease
WDWN well-developed and well-nourished
GI gastrointestinal
LES lower esophageal sphincter
Created by: ghardin
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