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MT Chapter 10

capn/o carbon dioxide
bronchi/o bronchus
alveol/o alveolus
palat/o palate
pulmon/o lung
sinus/o sinus
steth/o chest
trache/o trachea
palate roof of the mouth; partition between the oral and nasal cavities; divided into the hard and soft palate
soft palate muscular posterior (back) portion of the palate
oropharynx central portion of the pharynx between the roof of the mouth and the upper edge of the epiglottis
tonsils oval lymphatic tissues on each side of the pharynx that filter air to protect the body from bacterial invasion
adenoid lymphatic tissue on the back of the pharynx behind the nose
pleural cavity potential space between the visceral and parietal layers of the pleura
stridor high-pitched, crowing sound that occurs with an obstruction in the upper airway (trachea or larynx)
cyanosis bluish coloration of the skin caused by a deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
expectoration coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs
sputum material expelled from the lungs by coughing
hypercapnia excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood
hypoxia deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells
bronchospasm constriction of bronchi caused by spasm (involuntary contraction) of the peribronchial smooth muscle
croup acute respiratory infection in infants and young children involving the larynx, trachea, and bronchi causing inflammation; creates a funnel-shaped elongation of tissue causing a distinct "seal bark" cough
laryngospasm spasm of the laryngeal muscles, causing a constriction
pleural effusion accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity
pyothorax accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
pneumonia inflammation in the lung resulting from infection by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites or from aspiration of chemicals
tonsillitis acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils
pH abbreviation for the potential of hydrogen; measurement of blood acidity or alkalinity
bronchoscopy use of a flexible endoscope, called a bronchoscope, to examine the airways
spirometry direct measurement of lung volume and capacity
pulmonary angiography x-ray imaging of the blood vessels of the lungs after the injection of contrast dye
lobectomy removal of a lobe of a lung
pneumonectomy removal of an entire lung
tonsillectomy removal of the tonsils
tracheostomy an operation to make an opening into the trachea, usually to insert a tube
mechanical ventilation mechanical breathing using a ventilator
bronchodilator a drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi
expectorant a drug that increases bronchial secretions and promotes coughing them out
auscultation to listen; a physical examination method of listening to the sounds within the body with the aid of a stethoscope, such as auscultation of the chest for heart and lung sounds
percussion a physical examination method of tapping the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity, such as the chest
cilia hair-like processes from the surface of epithelial cells, such as those of the bronchi, to move mucus upward
dyspnea difficulty breathing
orthopnea ability to breathe only in an upright position
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
LTB laryngotracheobronchitis
PaCO2 partial pressure of carbon dioxide
PEFR peak expiratory flow rate
URI upper respiratory infection
lung biopsy (Bx) removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathologic examination
VC vital capacity
Created by: ghardin
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