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digestive system

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
BUCC/o Cheek
CELI/o belly, abdomen
CHEIL/o lip
CHOLECYST/o gallbladder
CHOLEDOCH/o common bile duct
DENT/o teeth
ENTER/o intestines, usually small intestine
GASTR/o stomach
FACI/o face
GINGIV/o gums
GLOSS/o LINGU/o tongue
LABI/o lip
LAPAR/o abdomen
MANDIBUL/o lower jaw
ODONT/o tooth
OR/o mouth
PROCT/o anus and rectum
SIALADEN/o salivary gland
STOMAT/o mouth
-ASE enzyme
-CHEZIA defication, elimination of waste
-IASIS abnormal condition
-PRANDIAL meal
-ECSTASIS dilation
-ECTASIA widening
-PEPSIA digestion
-PHAGIA eating, swallowing
-PTYSIS spitting
-RRHAGE/RRAGIA bursting forth
-RRHAPHY suture
-RRHEA flow, discharge
-STASIS controlling, stopping
-STENOSIS narrowing, tightening
-TRESIA opening
AMYL/o starch
BIL/i gall, bile
CHOL/E gall, bile
CHLORHYDR/o hydrochloric acid
GLUC/o sugar
GLYC/o sugar
GLYCOGEN/o Animal starch
LIP/o fat, lipid
LITH/o stone
PROTE/o protein
PY/o pus
SIAL/o saliva, salivary
STEAT/o fat
ASCITES abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
CONSTIPATION difficulty in passing stool (feces)
DIARRHEA frequent passage of loose, watery stools
DYSPHAGIA difficulty swallowing
FLATUS gas expelled through the anus
HEMATOCHEZIA passage of bright red blood from the rectum
JAUNDICE yellow-orange coloration of the skin and white of the eyes cause by high levels of bilirubin in the blood
MELENA black, tarry stools, feces containing digest blood
STEATORRHEA fat in the feces
DENTAL CARRIES tooth decay
PERIDONTAL DISEASE inflammation and degeneration of gums, teeth and surrounding bone
ESOPHAGEAL VARICES swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus
GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE (GERD) solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach
HERNIA protrusion of an organ or part through the tissues and muscles normally containing it
COLONIC POLYPS polyps protrude through the mucous membrane of the colon
CROHN DISEASE chronic inflammation of the intestinal track
DIVERTICULOSIS abnormal outpouching in the intestinal wall of the colon
INTUSSUSCEPTION telescoping of the intestines
IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME (IBS) group of GI symptoms but without defined abnormalities in the intestines
ULCERATIVE COLITIS chronic inflammation of the colon with the presence of ulcers
VOLVULUS twisting of the intestine on itself
CHOLELITHIASIS gallstones in the bladder
CIRRHOSIS chronic degenerative disease of the liver
PANCREATITIS inflammation of the pancreas
VIRAL HEPATITIS inflammation of the liver cause by a virus
STOOL GUAIAC TEST test to detect occult blood in the feces
HEMOCCULT TEST test to detect occult blood in the feces
CHOLANGIOGRAPHY xray exam of the biliary system performed after injection of contrast into the bile ducts
LAPAROSCOPY visual examination of the abdomen with a scope inserted though small incisions in the abdomen
Created by: jessica81583
 

 



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