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Chapter 10-Nervous System

_________________exposes abnormal tissue to extreme cold and freezing and destroys tissue cryosurgery
What procedure is utilized to relieve intractable pain, involuntary movements or emotional disturbances thalamotomy
Disruption in the normal blood supply to the brain; another name for a stroke. cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
This virus is responsible for chicken pox and the shingles. herpes zoster
This procedure is performed by cutting a circular opening intot he skull to reveal brain tissue and decrease intracranial pressure. trephination
What is the name of mini-strokes or temporary interference with the blood supply to the brain. transient ischemic attack (TIA)
What procedure is performed to relieve a peptic ulcer? vagotomy
______________is the abnormal accumulation of fluid on the brain hydrocephalus
________________is the paralysis on one side of the face likely caused by a virus Bell's palsy
A______________________is the removal of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from between two lumbar vertebra for analysis lumbar puncture (LP)
How many cranial nerves are there? twelve (12)
When both the spinal cord and meninges protrude outside of the body it is called myelomeningocele
When the meninges protrudes to the outside of the body. meningocele
This brain disorder is characterized by gradual and progressive mental deterioration with personality changes and impairment of daily functioning Alzheimer's disease (AD)
When a patient has an episode characterized by sudden loss of consciousness, falling down, and then tonic contractions followed by clonic contractions the patient is having a ____________________________ tonic-clonic or grand mal seizure
______________________consist of momentary clouding of consciousness and loss of awareness of a person's surroundings. absence or petit mal seizure
This chronic disease results in the destruction of the myelin sheath on the neurons in the central nervous system (CNS). multiple sclerosis (MS)
The involuntary, spasmodic, twitching movements with uncontrollable vocal sounds and in appropriate language is called _________________ tourette syndrome
A _______________________is the x-ray imaging of the spinal canal after the injection of contrast medium into the subarachnoid space myelogram or myelography
A ____________________ is performed by utilizing sound waves to detect blood flow in the carotid and intracranial arteries. doppler/ultrasound studies
Recording of the electrical activity of the brain. electroencephalography (EEG)
Temporary brain dysfunction (brief loss of consciousness) after injury, usually clearing within 24 hours. cerebral concussion
Brusing of brain tissue as a result of direct trauma to the head; neurologic deficits persist longer than 24 hours. cerebral contusion
Hereditary disorder marked by degenerative changes in the cerebrum leading to abrupt involuntary movements and mental deterioration. Huntington disease
Brain disease and demential occurring with AIDS. HIV encephalopathy
cerebell/o cerebellum
cerebr/o cerebrum
dur/o dura mater
encephal/o brain
gli/o glial cells
lept/o thin, slender
mening/o, meningi/o membranes, meninges
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord
neur/o nerve
pont/o pons
radicul/o nerve root
thalam/o thalamus
thec/o sheath (refers to the meninges)
vag/o vagus nerve (10th cranial nerve)
alges/o, -algesia excess sensitivity to pain
-algia pain
caus/o burning
comat/o deep sleep (coma)
esthesi/o, -esthesia feeling, nervous sensation
kines/o, kinesi/o, -kinesia, -kinesis, -kinetic movement
-lepsy seizure
lex/o word, phrase
-paresis weakness
-phasia speech
-plegia paralysis (loss or impairment of the ability to move parts of the body)
-praxia action
-sthenia strength
syncop/o to cut off, cut short
tax/o order, coordination
AVM arteriovenous malformation
CNS central nervous system
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CVA cerebrovascular accident
EEG electroencephalography
LP lumbar puncture
MRA magnetic resonance angiography
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
PET positron emission tomography
Sz seizure
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TIA transient ischemic attack
Created by: ljlindrose61