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MT: CH 7

Medical Terminology Chapter 7

Othopedics Medical specialty that studies the anatomy and physiology of skeletal and muscular systems
Avascular Necrosis Death of cells in the epiphysis of a long bone, often the femur
Osteochondroma A benign bone tumor that affects males less that 25, the most common benign tumor, and is a bony mass
Osteoma Another benign tumor that happens in middle age, affects the facial bones, and is associated with Gardner Syndrome
Osteoid Osteoma Benign tumor that is found in males, large bones, nighttime pain, and is relieved by NSAID
Osteoblastoma Benign tumor that is identical to Osteoid Osteoma, but is not relieved by NSAID
Chondroma Benign tumor that is found in hands or feet
Osteosarcoma Malignant tumor that is found in young teen males, long honest, associated with retinoblastoma, and sunburst appearance
Chondrosarcoma Malignant tumor that occurs in the medulla of pelvis
Ewing sarcoma Malignant tumor that happens in white boys younger that 1 years old, long bones, onion skin appearance, small blue cells that resemble lymphocytes
Chondromalacia Patellae Abnormal softening of patella because of thinning and uneven wear
Fracture broken bone due to accident, injury, or disease process
Greenstick fracture Occurs in children when bone only breaks on one side, it occurs when bone bends and doesn't break completely
Open fracture (compound fracture) Occurs when a broken bone breaks through overlying skin
Colles fracture Occurs when distal radius is broken by falling onto an outstretched hand
Compressed fracture Occurs when cranium is fractured inward toward the brain
Osteomalacia Abnormal softening of bones due to severe deficiency of Vitamin D
Osteomyelitis Infection in the bone and the bone marrow. Infections can travel through bloodstream or spreading from nearby tissue
Osteoporosis Abnormal thinning of bone structure
Ankylosing spondylitis Is chronic inflammation of vertebrae that leads to fibrosis, fusion, and restriction of movement of the spine.
Spondylitis Inflammation or infection of the vertebrae
Kyphosis (humpback) Abnormal, excessive, posterior curvature of thoracic spine
Lordosis (swayback) Is an abnormal, excessive, anterior curvature of lumbar spine
Scoliosis Abnormal, excessive, S-shaped lateral curvature of spine
Arthralgia Pain in joint from injury, inflammation, or infection from various causes
Arthropathy Disease of joint from any cause
Gout Metabolic disorder with high levels of uric acid in blood
Hemarthosis Blood in joint cavity from blunt trauma or a penetrating wound
Osteoarthritis Chronic inflammatory disease of joints particularly the large weight bearing joints and joints that move repeatedly
Rheumatoid arthritis An autoimmune disease. Acute and chronic inflammatory disease. Usually hands, wrists and knees. Symptoms are mirrored on both sides. Fatigue, weight loss, temperature.
Pectus Excavatum Congenital deformity as the bony thorax in which the sternum is bent forward
Genu Valgum Congenital deformity in which knees are rotated toward the midline and are abnormally close together and lower legs are bent laterally; knock knee
Genu Varum Congenital deformity in where knees are rotated laterally away from each other and lower legs are bent forward midline. Bowleg
Hallax Valgus (bunion Deformity in which great toe is angled laterally toward other toes
Talipes equinovarus congenital deformity in which foot is pulled downward and toward midline; dub foot
Arthrography Dye that is injected into joint
Arthrogram X-ray, CT, MRU image; picture
Bone Density Test Procedure that measures the bone density to detect osteoporosis (DEXA scan)
Goniometry used to measure the angle of a joint and its range of motion (ROM)
Goniometer Instrument used to measure and angle of a joint
Orthosis Orthopedic device such as a brace, splint, or collar. Keeps it straight
Prosthesis Artificial leg for patient
Amputation Removing extremity
Arthrocentesis Remove an accumulation of fluid from injured joint by using needle
Arthrodesis Procedure to fuse together joint
Arthroscopy Arthroscope used to visualize inside joint
Arthroscope Instrument used to examine joint
Bone graft Uses whole bone or bone chips to repair fracture with extensive bone loss or defects due to bone cancer
Allograft Frozen or freeze-dried bone take from cadaver
Autograft Bone taken from patient's own body
Joint Placement Therapy Procedure to replace joint that has been destroyed by disease of osteoarthritis also known as arthroplasty
Analgesic Drug Medications used to treat pain, can be over-the-counter such as acetaminophen or aspirin
Bone resorption drug Medications that inhibit osteoclasts from breaking down bone to prevent and treat osteoporosis
Corticosteroid Medications that decrease severe inflammation
Gold Compound Drugs Medications that inhibit the autoimmune response that attacks joints and connective tissue with rheumatoid arthritis
AKA Above the Knee Amputation
BKA Below the Knee Amputation
DJD Degenerative Joint Disease
OA Osteoarthritis
ORIF Open reduction and internal fixation (procedure to treat a compound fracture)
RA Rheumatoid Arthritis
ROM Range Of Motion
THR Total Hip Replacement
Created by: sherilyn7
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