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Chapter 3

Word Parts of the Integumentary system

integumentary system (the skin) is very complex. Your skin (roots: cutaneo/ dermo) has many structures
epidermis The outermost layer, the one that is visible, is the. It is made of large cells that look like the scales of a fish under the microscope.
squamous cell refers to this scaly appearance.
dermis Under the epidermis lies a deeper layer. Hass fewer cells and more thick fibers to give the skin strength and flexibility. The dermis is also home to hair follicles, nerves, and glands.
fat ROOTS: adip/o, lip/o, steat/o adipocyte, lipoma, steatosis Next time you are offered a fatty food, you can tell the person who is offering it that you try to avoid adipogenic foods.
skin ROOTS: cutane/o, derm/o, dermat/o Esubcutaneous, epidermal, dermatology A patient got medical treatment for a rash around the mouth. peri = around, oral = mouth, dermat = skin, and itis = inflammation.
hair ROOTS: pil/o, trich/o piloid, atrichosis Caterpillar is Latin words: catta, meaning cat, and pila, meaning hair; thus, caterpillar, meaning hairy cat. Split ends? hairstylist for treatment for schizotrichia.
sweat ROOT: hidr/o hyperhidrosis, hypohidrosis But if you didn’t sweat, your body would have a very hard time regulating its temperature. In fact, hypohidrosis, which means a lack of sweat, can be a sign that something is wrong.
scale ROOT: squam/o squamous layer sunburn that led to peeling skin. Removed the scales from a fresh fish before cooking it. Either process can be referred to as desquamation, a Latin word meaning to remove the scales from a fish.
nail ROOTS: onych/o, ungu/o onychalgia, subungual Time to trim your nails? If there is a broken nail, you can mention that you have diagnosed yourself with onychoclasis.
oil ROOTS: seb/o, sebace/o sebolith, pilosebaceous root cerumen, which refers to ear wax. Actually, cerumen is just sebum that is produced in the ears.
hidden ROOT: crypt/o onychocryptosis A person who specializes in breaking codes and deciphering secret messages is called a cryptolinguist. Onychocryptosis is an ingrown, or hidden, toenail. crypt by itself can refer to a room or vault hidden beneath the floor.
scaly ROOT: ichthy/o ichthyosi. In dermatology, the word refers to scalelike changes in the skin. The root ichthyo comes from the Greek word ichthus, meaning fish.
hard, horny ROOT: kerat/o keratosis, keratoderma The rhinoceros is so named because it has a horn on its nose. The dinosaur Triceratops was so named because of the three (tri ) horns (kerat) on its head.
thick ROOT: pachy/o pachyderma Elephants are referred to as pachyderms because of their thick (pachy) hides (derm).
dry ROOT: xer/o xeroderma People who live in dry or desert use xeriscaping, which means little water. Because grounds that are xeriscaped are typically rocky and brown.
wrinkle ROOT: rhytid/o rhytidoplasty People fear getting wrinkles have rhytiphobia.
yellow ROOT: xanth/o xanthoderma If you are unable to see the color yellow, you may have axanthopsia.
red ROOT: erythr/o erythroderma Erythroderma is a redness of the skin.
white ROOTS: leuk/o, alb/o leukoderma, albinism A person with white hair has leukotrichia. A complete lack of skin pigment is known as albinism.
black ROOT: melan/o melanoma Ancient Greeks thought that the human body was filled with four substances they called humors: bile (chole), black bile (melan chole), phlegm (phlegma), and blood (sanguis)
Created by: NayNay22931
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