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Chapter 2

Opposite's & body plans

proximal PRAWK-sih-mal closer in to the center proximal and approximate come from the same word and mean close
distal DIH-stal farther away from the center distal and distant come from the same word and mean far
lateral LA-ter-al out to the side think of a quarterback lateraling a football to a running back
medial MEE-dee-al toward the middle like the median of a highway
ventral/antral/ anterior VEN-tral/AN-tral/ an-TIH-ree-or the front the word ventral means stomach
dorsal/posterior DOR-sal/ poh-STIH-roh-or the back a dorsal fin on a shark is on its back
cranial KRAY-nee-al toward the top
caudal KOW-dal toward the bottom from Latin, for tail
superior soo-PIH-ree-or above
inferior in-FIH-ree-or below
prone PROHN lying down on belly
supine SOO-pain lying down on back
contralateral KON-trah-LA-ter-al opposite side
ipsilateral IP-sih-LA-ter-al same side
unilateral YOO-nih-LA-teral one side
bilateral BAI-LA-ter-al both sides
dorsum DOR-sum the top of the hand or foot
plantar PLAN-tar the sole of the foot
palmar PAL-mar the palm of the hand
sagittal SA-jih-tal divides the body in slices right to left sagitta is Latin for arrow; think of this as dividing the body in half, as if someone shot an arrow through it.
coronal kah-ROH-nal divides the body into slices from front to back corona is Latin for crown; this plane divides the body in half from the top of the head down
transverse tranz-VERS divides the body from top to bottom
Created by: NayNay22931
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