Busy. Please wait.
Log in with Clever

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever

Username is available taken
show password

Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't Know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Med Term - Ch 7

Definitions, general knowledge, roots, acronyms; see slides.

The nervous system and the ______ system work to achieve similar goals through different functions. Endocrine
The ________ consists of individual cells that wrap around the axon. myelin sheath
The spaces between sections of myelin sheaths are called _______. nodes
What is the olfactory cranial nerve responsible for? carries impulses for the sense of smell toward the brain
What is the optic cranial nerve responsible for? carries visual impulses from the eye to the brain
What is the oculomotor cranial nerve responsible for? controls movement of eye muscles; carries the parasympathetic fibers that constrict the pupil
What is the trochlear cranial nerve responsible for? controls a muscle of the eyeball
What is the trigeminal cranial nerve responsible for? carries sensory impulses from the eye, upper jaw, and lower jaw toward the brain; controls chewing muscles
What is the abductens cranial nerve responsible for? controls a muscle of the eyeball
What is the facial cranial nerve responsible for? controls muscles of facial expression, carries sensation for taste, stimulates small salivary glands and lacrimal (tear) glands
What is the vestibulocochlear cranial nerve responsible for? carries impulses for hearing and equilibrium from the inner ear toward the brain; also called auditory or acoustic nerve
What is the glossopharyngeal cranial nerve responsible for? carries sensory impulses from the tongue and pharynx (throat), controls swallowing muscles, and stimulates the parotid salivary gland
What is the vagus cranial nerve responsible for? supplies most of the organs in the thoracic and abdominal cavities; carries motor impulses to the larynx (voice box) and pharynx
What is the spinal accessory cranial nerve responsible for? controls muscles in the neck and larynx
What is the hypoglossal cranial nerve responsible for? controls muscles of the tongue
The enlargements in the spinal cord are meant to connect the _____________. arms and legs
The spinal cord has a central area of ______ matter surrounded by _____ matter. white, gray
How many pairs of spinal nerves connect with the spinal cord? 31
In a ___________, impulses travel through the spinal cord only and do not reach the brain. spinal reflex
Carrying toward a given point, such as the sensory neurons and nerves that carry impulses toward the CNS afferent
The middle layer of the meninges arachnoid matter
The division of the nervous system that regulates involuntary activities, controlling smooth muscles, cardiac muscle, and glands; the visceral nervous system autonomic nervous system (ANS)
The fiber of a neuron that conducts impulses away from the cell body axon
The nervous tissue contained within the cranium; consists of the cerebrum, diencephalon, brainstem, and cerebellum brain
The part of the brain that consists of the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata brainstem
The brain and spinal cord central nervous system (CNS)
The posterior portion of the brain dorsal to the pons and medulla; helps to coordinate movement and to maintain balance and posture cerebellum
The cerebrum’s thin surface layer of gray matter cerebral cortex
The large upper portion of the brain; it is divided into two hemispheres by the longitudinal fissure cerebrum
The watery fluid that circulates in and around the brain and spinal cord for protection cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
The 12 pairs of nerves that are connected to the brain cranial nerves
A fiber of a neuron that conducts impulses toward the cell body dendrite
The part of the brain that contains the thalamus, hypothalamus, and pituitary gland; located between the cerebrum and the brainstem diencephalon
The strong, fibrous outermost layer of the meninges dura mater
Carrying away from a given point, such as the motor neurons and nerves that carry impulses away from the CNS efferent
A collection of neuron cell bodies outside the CNS ganglion
Unmyelinated tissue of the nervous system gray matter
A raised convolution of the surface of the cerebrum gyrus
The part of the brain that controls the pituitary gland and maintains homeostasis hypothalamus
Any neuron located between a sensory and a motor neuron in a neural pathway, such as the neurons that transmit impulses within the CNS interneuron
The portion of the brain that connects with the spinal cord; it has vital centers for control of respiration, heart rate, and blood pressure medulla oblongata
The three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord meninges
The part of the brainstem between the diencephalon and the pons; contains centers for coordination of reflexes for vision and hearing midbrain
Producing movement; describes efferent neurons and nerves that carry impulses away from the CNS motor
A whitish, fatty substance that surrounds certain axons of the nervous system myelin
The support cells of the nervous system; also called glial cells nueroglia
The basic unit of the nervous system; a nerve cell neuron
A chemical that transmits energy across a synapse neurotransmitter
A bundle of neuron fibers outside the CNS nerve
The part of the autonomic nervous system that reverses the response to stress and restores homeostasis; it slows heart rate and respiration rate and stimulates digestive, urinary, and reproductive activities parasympathetic nervous system
The portion of the nervous system outside the CNS peripheral nervous system
The innermost layer of the meninges pia mater
A rounded area on the ventral surface of the brainstem; contains fibers that connect brain regions pons
A simple, rapid, and automatic response to a stimulus reflex
The fundamental unit of a word. A branch of a spinal nerve that connects with the spinal cord root
Pertaining to the senses or sensation; describing afferent neurons and nerves that carry impulses toward the CNS sensory
The division of the nervous system that controls skeletal (voluntary) muscles somatic nervous system
The nervous tissue contained within the spinal column; extends from the medulla oblongata to the second lumbar vertebra spinal cord
The 31 pairs of nerves that connect with the spinal cord spinal nerves
A shallow furrow or groove, as on the surface of the cerebrum sulcus
The part of the autonomic nervous system that mobilizes a response to stress, increases heart rate and respiration rate, and delivers more blood to skeletal muscles sympathetic nervous system
The junction between two neurons; also the junction between a motor neuron and a muscle or gland synapse
The part of the brain that receives all sensory impulses, except those for the sense of smell, and directs them to the proper portion of the cerebral cortex thalamus
A bundle of neuron fibers within the CNS tract
A small cavity, such as one of the cavities in the brain in which CSF is formed. One of the two lower pumping chambers of the heart ventricle
The autonomic nervous system is also called the _______________. visceral nervous system
Myelinated tissue of the nervous system white matter
neur/o, neur/i nervous tissue
gli/o neuroglia
gangli/o, ganglion/o ganglion
mening/o, meninge/o meninges
myel/o spinal cord
radicul/o spinal nerve root
encephal/o brain
cerebr/o cerebrum
cortic/o cerebral cortex
cerebell/o cerebellum
thalam/o thalamus
ventricul/o cavity, ventricle
medull/o medulla oblongota
psych/o mind
narc/o stupor, unconsciousness
somn/o, somn/i sleep
-phasia speech
-lalia speech, babble
-lexia reading
-plegia paralysis
-paresis partial paralysis
-lepsy seizure
-phobia irrational fear
-mania excited state
A form of dementia caused by atrophy of the cerebral cortex; presenile dementia alzheimer's disease
A starch-like substance of unknown composition that accumulates in the brain in Alzheimer and other diseases amyloid
A localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel that results from weakness of the vessel wall, usually of an artery; may eventually burst aneurism
a range of language disorders, both spoken and written, that may affect the ability to understand speech or the ability to produce speech aphasia
A neuroglial tumor composed of astrocytes astrocytoma
A bruise to the surface of the brain following a blow to the head cerebral contusion
Sudden damage to the brain resulting from reduction of cerebral blood flow; possible causes are atherosclerosis, thrombosis, or a ruptured aneurysm; commonly called stroke cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
State of deep unconsciousness from which one cannot be roused coma
Injury resulting from a violent blow or shock; a brain concussion usually results in loss of consciousness concussion
A state of reduced comprehension, coherence, and reasoning ability resulting in inappropriate responses to environmental stimuli confusion
Damage to the brain on the side opposite the point of a blow as a result of the brain hitting the skull contrecoup injury
A series of violent, involuntary muscle contractions convulsion
A gradual and usually irreversible loss of intellectual function dementia
Obstruction of a blood vessel by a blood clot or other material carried in the circulation embolism
Inflammation of the brain encephalitis
Accumulation of blood in the epidural space epidural hematoma
A chronic disease involving periodic sudden bursts of electric activity from the brain, resulting in seizures epilepsy
A tumor of neuroglial cells glioma
Partial paralysis or weakness of one side of the body hemiparesis
Paralysis of one side of the body hemiplegia
Increased accumulation of CSF in or around the brain as a result of obstructed flow; may be caused by tumor, inflammation, hemorrhage, or congenital abnormality hydrocephalus
Insufficient or nonrestorative sleep despite ample opportunity to sleep insomnia
Tumor of the meninges meningioma
Inflammation of the meninges meningitis
Dementia caused by chronic cerebral ischemia (lack of blood supply) as a result of multiple small strokes; there is progressive loss of cognitive function, memory, and judgment as well as altered motor and sensory function multi-infarct dementia
A chronic, progressive disease involving loss of myelin in the CNS multiple sclerosis (MS)
Brief, uncontrollable episodes of sleep during the day narcolepsy
Temporary or permanent loss of function paralysis
A disorder originating in the brain’s basal ganglia (nuclei) and characterized by slow movements, tremor, rigidity, and mask-like face parkinsonism
A sudden attack, as seen in epilepsy seizure
An acute viral infection that follows nerve pathways causing small lesions on the skin shingles
Brief periods of breathing cessation during sleep sleep apnea
Sudden interference with blood flow in one or more cerebral vessels leading to oxygen deprivation and necrosis of brain tissue stroke
Accumulation of blood beneath the dura mater subdural hematoma
Development of a blood clot within a vessel thrombosis
A shaking or involuntary movement tremor
Surgical removal of the lining of the carotid artery, the large artery in the neck that supplies blood to the brain carotid endarterectomy
Radiographic study of the brain’s blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium cerebral angiography
Amplification, recording, and interpretation of the brain’s electric activity electroencephalography (EEG)
A drug used in the treatment of parkinsonism L-dopa
Puncture of the subarachnoid space in the lumbar region of the spinal cord to remove spinal fluid for diagnosis or to inject anesthesia AKA spinal tap lumbar puncture
Simultaneous monitoring of a variety of physiologic functions during sleep to diagnose sleep disorders polysomnography
A feeling of fear, worry, uneasiness, or dread anxiety
A condition that begins in childhood and is characterized by attention problems, easy boredom, impulsive behavior, and hyperactivity attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
A disorder of unknown cause consisting of self-absorption, lack of response to social contact and affection, preoccupations, stereotyped behavior, and resistance to change autism
A disability that falls within a range of neurodevelopmental impairments that appears early in life and affects social interactions and communications skills autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
A form of depression with episodes of mania (a state of elation); manic depressive illness bipolar disorder
A false belief inconsistent with knowledge and experience delusion
A mental state characterized by profound feelings of sadness, emptiness, hopelessness, and lack of interest or pleasure in activities depression
A mild form of depression that usually develops in response to a serious life event dysthymia
A false perception unrelated to reality or external stimuli hallucination
A state of elation, which may include agitation, hyperexcitability, or hyperactivity mania
A condition associated with recurrent and intrusive thoughts, images, and repetitive behaviors performed to relieve anxiety obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
A form of anxiety disorder marked by episodes of intense fear panic disorder
A mental state characterized by jealousy, delusions of persecution, or perceptions of threat or harm paranoia
An extreme, persistent fear of a specific object or situation phobia
Persistent emotional disturbances that follow exposure to life-threatening, catastrophic events, such as trauma, abuse, natural disasters, and warfare posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
A mental disorder extreme enough to cause gross misperception of reality with delusions and hallucinations psychosis
A poorly understood group of severe mental disorders with features of psychosis, delusions, hallucinations, and withdrawn or bizarre behavior schizophrenia
Abbreviation for: Acetylcholine Ach
Abbreviation for: Cerebrovascular accident CVA
Abbreviation for: Cerebrovascular disease CVD
Abbreviation for: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM
Abbreviation for: Electroencephalogram EEG
Abbreviation for: Intracranial pressure ICP
Abbreviation for: Monoamine oxidase inhibitor MAOI
Abbreviation for: Somatosensory evoked potentials SSEP
Abbreviation for: Tricyclic antidepressant TCAV
Created by: captchacode
Popular Clinical Skills sets




Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!
"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards