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Hemat/Immun-ology

Ch. 6

TermDefinition
Hematology study of the blood
Hematopoiesis process of the formation of the blood
Electrolyte elements that carry a positive or negative electrical charge
Types of electrolytes sodium potassium calcium
Hyponatremia low levels of sodium in the blood
Hypernatremia high levels of sodium in the blood
Hypokalemia low levels of potassium in the blood
Hyperkalemia high levels of potassium in the blood
Hypocalcemia low levels of calcium in the blood
Hypercalcemia high levels of calcium in the blood
Red blood cells (RBC) -Erythrocytes -contain protein -most numerous type of blood cells -round, flattened, red disk
White blood cells (WBC) -Leukocytes -5 types
The 5 types of (WBC) Neutrophils, Eosinophils, Basophils, Lymphocytes, & Monocytes
Neutrophils engulf and destroy bacteria
Eosinophils release chemicals to destroy foreign cells
Basophils release histamine at the site of tissue injury, release heparin to limit the size of a forming blood clot
Lymphocytes produce antibodies, produce toxic granules to destroy cells infected with a virus
Monocytes engulf & destroy microorganisms, cancerous cells, dead leukocytes, and cellular debris
Thrombocytes -another name for platelet -active in the blood clotting process -after injury, they form clumps to decrease the loss of blood
Megakaryocytes large mature thrombocyte
Thrombus -blood clot - occurs in the circulatory system
Coagulation formation of a blood clot by platelets, erythrocytes, and clotting factors
Hemostasis the cessation (stopping) of bleeding
Immunology study of the immune system
Diseases of the blood hemorrhage, pancytopenia, septicemia
Hemorrhage excessive discharge of blood (internally or externally)
Pancytopenia condition of the deficiency of all cell (types)
Septicemia condition of infection in the blood
Morphology study of shape
Anemia condition of without blood, decrease in the number of erythrocytes
Aplastic anemia anemia caused by failure of the bone marrow to produce erythrocytes
Macrocytic pertaining to a large cells
Microcytic pertaining to a small cell
Hypochromic pale in color
Hemolysis process of destroying blood (cells)
Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) -retrovirus -severe infection caused by HIV virus -supresses the normal immune response and leaves the patient immunocompromised and defenseless against infection and cancer
Leukemia cancer of the leukocytes
Mononucleosis infectious disease caused by the Epstein-Barr virus
Multiple Myeloma cancer of the B cells that normally become plasma cells and produce antibodies
Coagulopathy any disease that affects the ability of the blood to clot normally
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) a blood clot in one of the deep veins of the lower leg
Thrombosis process (of creating) a blood clot
Hemophilia inherited genetic abnormality that causes a lack or deficiency of a specific clotting factor
Cervical Lymphadenopathy enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
Lymphedema generalized swelling of an arm or leg
Splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
Autoimmune disease in which the body makes antibodies against its own tissues, causing pain and loss of function. ex. Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus & Rheumatoid arthritis
Complete Blood Count (CBC) group of blood tests that are performed automatically by machine to determine the number, type, and characteristics of various cells in the blood.
Hematocrit (HCT) percentage of RBC's in the blood sample
Coagulation process of (blood) clotting
Agglutination process of clumping together
Lymphangiography process of recording the lymphatic system and blood vessels
Lymphangiogram picture or recording of the lymphatic system and blood vessels
Bone marrow aspiration procedure to remove red bone marrow from the posterior iliac crest of the hip bone
Phlebotomy/Venipuncture procedure for drawing a sample of venous blood into a vacuum tube.
Vaccination having a vaccine causing the body to produce antibodies and memory B cells specific to that pathogen
Immunization process of creating an immune response
Blood transfusion procedure in which whole blood, blood cells, or plasma is given intravenous transfusion
Autologous blood transfusion given from the own person's blood
Bone marrow transplantation (BMT) procedure that harvest red bone marrow from a donor, then given intravenously to a patient
Plasmapheresis procedure in which plasma is separated from the blood cells
Lymph node biopsy procedure that uses a fine needle to aspirate (remove) tissue from the lymph node
Splenectomy surgical removal of the spleen
Anticoagulant medications that prevent blood clots from forming by inhibiting the clotting factors or by inhibiting vitamin K that is needed to make the clotting factors.
Corticosteroids anti-inflammatory meds that suppress the immune response and decrease inflammation
Erythropoietin medication that stimulates the red bone marrow to make erythrocytes
Immunosuppressants medications that suppress the immune response, preventing the rejection of a transplanted organ
Thrombolytic enzymes medications that breaks fibrin strands to dissolve a blood clot that has already formed
CBC DVT EBV HCT RBC WBC -complete blood count -deep vein thrombosis -epstein-barr virus -hematocrit -red blood cells -white blood cells
Phlebotomist allied health professionals who use venipuncture techniques to draw blood
Created by: Ash_Nic
 

 



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