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Cardiology

Ch. 5

TermDefinition
Cardiac pertaining to the heart
Cardiovascular pertaining to the heart and blood vessels
Myocardium muscular structure of the heart
Endocardium structure within the heart
Pericardium structure around the heart
Thoracic pertaining to the chest
Cardiothoracic pertaining to the heart and chest
ischemia condition of blood blocked isch/o- block -emia condition of the blood; substance in the blood
Angina pectoris mild to severe chest pain caused by ischemia of the myocardium
Cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
Cardiomyopathy disease of the heart muscle
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) inability of the heart to pump sufficient amounts of blood.
Congestive pertaining to accumulation of fluid that causes heart failure.
Peripheral edema fluid accumulation in the legs, ankles, & feet
Myocardium Infraction (MI) condition of a small area of dead heart muscle.
Endocarditis Inflammation or infection of the innermost (parts) of the heart.
Mitral Valve Prolapse (MVP) structural abnormality of the heart in which the leaflets of the mitral valve do not close tightly.
Tetralogy of Fallot: Four defects of the heart 1. Ventricular septal defect 2. narrowing of the pulmonary trunk 3. hypertrophy of the right ventricle 4. abnormal position of the aorta.
Murmur abnormal heart sound created by turbulence as blood leaks through through a defective heart valve
Pericarditis inflammation or infection around the heart
Rheumatic Heart Disease autoimmune response to a noncardiac streptococcal infection- also known as rheumatic fever*
Stenosis condition of narrowing (of a heart valve)
Arrhythmia condition of without rhythm (of the heart)
Dysrhythmia condition of abnormal rhythm (of the heart)
Bradycardia condition of a slow heart (beat)
Fibrillation arrhythmia in which there is a very fast, uncoordinated quivering of the myocardium.
Tachycardia condition of a fast heart beat
Asystole complete absence of a heartbeat
Palpitation an uncomfortable sensation felt in the chest during a premature contraction of the heart
Atherosclerosis condition of the hardening of the fatty substance (in an artery)
Aneurysm area of dilation and weakness in the wall of an artery
Hyperlipidemia condition of more than normal amounts of fat in the blood
Hypertension (HTN) elevated blood pressure
Hypotension low blood pressure
Orthostatic Hypotension sudden, temporary decrease in systolic blood pressure that occurs when the patient changes from a lying to a standing position and experiences lightheadedness
Phlebitis inflammation or infection of a vein
Thrombophlebitis phlebitis with a formation of a blood clot
Cardiac enzymes test to measure the levels of enzymes that are released into the blood when myocardial cells die during a heart attack.
Lipid profile test that provides a comprehensive picture of the blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides and their lipoprotein carriers
Cardiac catherization procedure preformed the study the anatomy and pressure in the heart.
Electrocardiogram (ECG) picture of the electrical activity of the heart
Electrocardiography process of recording the electrical activity of the heart
Telemetry procedure to monitor a patient's heart rate and rhythm in the hospital
Angiography process of recording a blood vessel
Angiogram picture of a blood vessel
Arteriography process of recording an artery
Venogram picture of a vein
Echocardiography process of recording the echo of sound waves of the heart
Cardioversion procedure to treat an arrhythmia that cannot be controlled with antiarrhythmic medications
Defribrillator a machine that generates an electrical shock coordinated with the QRS complex of the patient's heart to restore the heart to a normal rhythm.
Sclerotherapy procedure in which sclerosing drug is injected into a varicose vein.
Sphygmomanometer instrument used to measure (the pressure of the) pulse (by using a) thin (inflatable cuff).
Systolic the top number in a blood pressure reading, which represents the force of the contraction of the ventricles.
Diastolic the bottom number in a blood pressure reading, which represents the resting pressure in the artery.
Carotid endarterectomy procedure to remove plaque from an occluded carotid artery
Anastomosis the suturing of one blood vessel to another
Coronary Angioplasty process of reshaping a coronary artery by surgery
Pericardiocentesis procedure that uses needles to puncture the pericardium and withdraw inflammatory fluid accumulated in the pericardial sac
Ablation action of destroying (cells causing arrhythmias)
Valvoplasty process of reshaping a (heart) valve by surgery
Angiotensin -ACE inhibitor -treats congestive heart failure & hypertension
Antiarrhythmic medications that treat arrhythmias
Anticoagulant meds that prevent a blood clot from forming in patient's with arteriosclerosis, atrial fibrillation, previous myocardial infraction, or an artificial heart valve.
Antihypertensive -ACE inhibitors, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, & diuretics -meds that treat hypertension
Digitalis -digoxin -medications that treat congestive heart failure decreases the heart rate & strengthens the heart contractions
Nitrates -medications that treat angina pectoris -dilate arteries to decrease the blood pressure
Thrombolytic medications that treat a blood clot that is blocking blood flow through an artery
ACS BP CAD CHF ECG/EKG HTN MI MVP PTCA -acute coronary syndrome -blood pressure -coronary artery disease -congestive heart failure -electrocardiogram/ electrocardiography -hypertension -myocardial infraction -mitral valve prolapse -percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PVD peripheral vascular disease
Created by: Ash_Nic
 

 



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