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Chap 5 Integumentary

5 Strata (layers) of epidermis stratum germinativum, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, stratum corneum
sebaceous glands produce oil
sudoriferious glands sweat glands
Acne Inflammatory condition of the sebaceous glands and the hair follicles; pimples.
Alopecia Absence or loss of hair, especially of the head; baldness;
Avulsion Process of forcibly tearing off a part or structure of the body, such as a finger or toe
-hidr sweat
boil Acute, infected, painful nodule formed in the subcutaneous layers of the skin, gland, or hair follicle; most often caused by the invasion of staphylococci; furuncle
bulla larger blister
candidiasis Infection of the skin or mucous membranes with any species of Candida but chiefly Candida albicans. Candida is a genus of yeasts.
cicatrix (SIK-a-trix) Scar left after the healing of a wound
comedo blackhead
cellul/o little cell
cutane/o Pertaining to the skin
decubitus (decub) ulcer bedsore or pressure ulcer
dehiscence (de- hiss- ence) Surgical complication where there is separation or bursting open of a surgical wound. Stitches or staples pop
derm/a, derm/o, dermat/o skin
ecchymosis Abnormal condition in which the blood seeps into the skin, causing discolorations ranging from blue-black to greenish. yellow. A bruise
erythr/o red
leuk/o white
melan/o black
eschar Slough, scab
exudate Production of pus or serum
follicul/o follicle, small sac
hives Eruption of itching and burning swellings on the skin; urticaria. Allergic reaction
integument/o skin
keloid Overgrowth of scar tissue caused by excessive collagen formation.
-oma tumor
pachy/o thick
petechiae Small, pinpoint, purplish hemorrhagic spots on the skin
kerat/o hard
purpura Purplish discoloration of the skin caused by extravasation of blood into the tissues.
subcutaneous Pertaining to below the skin, as a subcutaneous injection
xer/o dry
xanth/o yellow
epidermis outermost layer of skin
dermis Inner layer of skin. AKA true skin
sweat test diagnostic test for cystic fibrosis; testing for the amount of chloride, specifically sodium chloride
scratch test type of allergy testing in which body is exposed to allergens through a light scratch in skin
biopsy bio-livng -opsy- to view examine living tissue taken from a body
Tzanck test diagnostic test that examines the tissue of a pustule to determine the type of cell present
Wound culture performed on wound exudate (pus) to determine the presence of microorganisms and to identify the specific type
Bx abbreviation for biopsy
diagnosis Dx
TIS Tumor "in situ" (localized)
staph staphylococcus infection
strep streptococcus infection
BCC basal cell carcinoma
carcin/o cancer
Created by: MsGoosherst
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