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Med.Term Ch.9 Vocab

Chabner, Language of Medicine 11th edition-Chapter 09 Vocabulary

bulbourethral glands Pair of exocrine glands near male urethra; Cowper glands
ejaculation Ejection of sperm and fluid from male urethra
ejaculatory duct Tube through which semen enters the male urethra
epididymis (plural: epididymides) One of a pair of long, tightly coiled tubes above each testis that stores and carries sperm to the vas deferens
erectile dysfunction Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
flagellum Hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile
fraternal twins Two infants resulting from fertilization of two separate ova by two separate sperm cells
glans penis Sensitive tip of the penis; comparable to the clitoris in the female
identical twins Two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos; conjoined (“Siamese”) twins are incompletely separated identical twins
interstitial cells of the testes Specialized cells adjacent to the seminiferous tubules in the testes; produce testosterone; also called Leydig cells
parenchymal tissue Essential distinctive cells of an organ
penis Male external organ of reproduction
perineum External region between the anus and scrotum in the male
prepuce Foreskin; fold of skin covering tip of penis
prostate gland Exocrine gland at base of male urinary bladder; secretes fluid part of semen into urethra during ejaculation
scrotum External sac that contains the testes
semen Spermatozoa and seminal fluid discharged from the urethra during ejaculation
seminal vesicles Paired sac-like exocrine glands that secrete fluid into the vas deferens
seminiferous tubules Narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes
spermatozoon (plural: spermatozoa) Sperm cell
sterilization Procedure that removes a person’s ability to produce or release reproductive cells through removal of testicles, vasectomy, or oophorectomy
stromal tissue Supportive, connective tissue or an organ; stroma
testis (plural: testes) Male gonad (testicle) that produces spermatozoa and testosterone
testosterone Hormone secreted by interstitial tissue of the testes; responsible for male sex characteristics
vas deferens Narrow tube carrying sperm from the epididymis toward the urethra; ductus deferens
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