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psychology

eriksons stages of psychosocial development

TermDefinition
trust vs. mistrust for infants. trust is the successful outcome. to form an attachment w/ and develop trust in their primary caregiver and then generalize those bonds to others. also begin o trust their own body. nonachievement leads to suspiciousness and struggles
autonomy vs. shame and doubt for toddlers. autonomy is successful outcome. begin to develop sense of independence, autonomy, and self-control. also acquire language skills. nonachievement leads to anger with self, a lack of self confidence, and no sense of pride to perform tasks.
initiative vs. guilt preschoolers (3-6). initiative is the successful outcome. children look for new experiences but will hesitate when adults reprimand or restrict them. achieving results in assertiveness, dependability, creativity, and personal achievement.
industry vs. inferiority for school age children (7-12). industry is the successful outcome. children need recognition for accomplishments. achievement results in competence, self satisfaction, and trustworthiness. increase in participation and more responsibilities
identity vs. role confusion for adolescents (12-20). identity is successful outcome. they try to figure out where they fit in and the direction their life should go. achievement results in emotional stability, ability to form relationships, and sound decision-making.
intimacy vs. isolation young adults. intimacy is successful outcome. begin to think about partnership, marriage, family and career. achievement results in ability for mutual self respect & love, intimacy & commitment to others and a career.
generativity vs. stagnation for middle adults. generativity is successful outcome. continue to raise children and some become grandparents. achievement results in professional and personal achievements and active participation in serving the community & society.
ego integrity vs. despair for older adults. ego integrity is successful outcome. most are retired and children, if have any, don't live at home. achievement results in wisdom, self acceptance, and a sense of self worth as life draws to a close.
Erikson's stages of psychosocial development eight stages of development offer a guideline for identifying the psychosocial challenges patients face at different periods in their lives and tasks they must master. he believed society and culture affect the personality.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs based upon the idea that all individuals have needs ranging from basic to complex. usually represented as a triangle/pyramid. represents not all will achieve the higher & more complex needs.
Created by: elshalance
 

 



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