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Med Terminology: CH3

Sydney Henderson

ankyl/o crooked/stiff
arthr/o joint
aricul/o joint
brachi/o arm
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage (gristle)
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
dactyl/o digit/finger/toe
fasci/o fascia (a band)
femor/o femur
fibr/o fiber
bone specialized connective tissue composed of osteocytes (bone cells); forms the skeleton
compact bone tightly solid bone tissue that forms the exterior of bones
spongy bone mesh-like bone tissue found in the interior of bones, and surrounding the medullary cavity
cancellous bone mesh-like bone tissue found in the interior of bones, and surrounding the medullary cavity
long bones elongated bones of the arms and legs
short bones square-shaped bones of the wrists and ankles
flat bones thin, flattened bones of the ribs, shoulder blades (scapulae), pelvis and skull
irregular bones bones of the vertebrae and face
sesamoid bones round bones found near joints (e.g., the patella)
epiphysis wide ends of a long bone (physis = growth)
diaphysis shaft of a long bone
body planes reference planes for indicating the location or direction of body parts
frontal plane (coronal plane) a vertical plane that divides the body into anterior (front) and posterior (back) portions.
sagittal plane vertical division of the body into right and left portions
transverse plane horizontal division of the body into upper and lower portions. also known as horizontal plane
crepitation grating sound sometimes made by the movement of a joint or by broken bones (also called crepitus)
exostosis a projection arising from a bone that develops from cartilage
flaccid flabby, relaxed, or having defective or absent muscle tone
myalgia muscle pain. also called myodynia
myodynia muscle pain; also called myalgia
osteodynia bone pain also called ostealgia
ostealgia bone pain also called osteodynia
Created by: SyddySyd
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