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Ch. 3

Musculoskeletal system

TermDefinition
ankyl/o crooked or stiff
arthe/o joint
brachi/o arn
cost/o rib
dactyl/o digit (finger or toe)
kyph/o humpback
lei/o smooth
lord/o bent
lumb/o loins (lower back)
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
patell/o knee cap
pelv/i pelvis (basin) or hip bone
rhabd/o rod-shaped or striated (skeletal)
sarc/o flesh
spondyl/o vertebra
ten/o tendon (to stretch)
thorac/o chest
ton/o tone or tension
uln/o ulna
appendicular skeleton bones of the shoulder girdle, pelvis, and limbs (arms and legs)
periosteum a fibrous, vascular membrane that covers the bone
articulation the point where two bones come together; also called joint
bursa a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid
nucleus pulposus the soft, fibrocartilaginous, central portion of intervertebral disk
ligament a flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bine to bone
striated muscle voluntary muscle attached to the skeleton
skeletal muscle voluntary muscle attached to the skeleton
smooth muscle involuntary muscle found in internal organs
tendon a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone
fascia a band or sheet of fibrous tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscle
Created by: snannah
 

 



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