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MT Chapter 2

What are all the structures in the integumentary system? Skin, Hair, Nails, Sweat glands, Sebaceous (oil) glands
What are the 4 main functions of the integumentary system? Protect the body from injury and intrusion of microorganisms, helps regulate body temperature, and houses receptors for the senses of touch, pressure and pain
What are the 3 layers of the skin? epidermis dermis subcutaneous layer
keratin a hard protein substance
adip/o fat
corne/o horn, hard
cutane/o skin
melan/o black
derm/o, dermat/o skin
hidr/o sweat
onych/o nail
purpur/o purple
scler/o hard
trich/o hair
epithelium cellular avascular layer covering external and internal surfaces of the body
epidermis outer layer of the skin
stratum corneum the outer layer of the epidermis, made up of several layers of flat keratinized (hard, proteinaceous) cells
melanin dark brown to black pigment contained in melanocytes
collagen protein substance in skin and connective tissue
What is made of kerarin? Hair and nails
What is the outer most layer of the epidermis? stratum corneum
lesion an area of pathologically altered tissue
What are the types of lesions? primary secondary vascular purpuric
primary lesions lesions arising from previously normal skin
patch a flat, discolored area on the skin larger than 1 cm
tumor a solid mass larger than 1–2 cm
excoriation a scratch mark
fissure a linear crack in the skin
cherry angioma a small, round, bright red blood vessel tumor on the skin, seen mostly in people over age 30
A mole is called a nevus
A freckle is an example of a macule/macula
rash a general term for skin eruption
skin pigmentation skin color resulting from the presence of melanin
depigmentation loss of melanin pigment in the skin
hypopigmentation areas of skin lacking color because of deficient amounts of melanin
What is baldness, or lack/ deficiency of hair? alopecia
Created by: ghardin
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