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Ch 3. Integumentary

Dermatological terms and definitions

Alopecia Baldness
anhidrosis lack of sweat
comedo hair follicle plugged with sebum; a white head or black head
cyanidrosis blue sweat
depigmentation loss of pigment
dermatalgia skin pain
dermatodynia skin pain
dermatolysis loose skin
erythema redness
erythroderma red skin
abrasion scraping away of the skin
albinism lack of pigment causing the patient to look white
albino a person affected with albinism
hemathidrosis sweating blood
hidropoiesis formation of sweat
hyperhidrosis excessive sweating
hyperkeratosis excessive growth of horny skin
hypermelanosis excessive melanin in the skin
hypohidrosis diminished of sweat
hypomelanosis diminished melanin in the skin
hypopigmentation diminished pigment in the skin
leukoderma white skin
mascerate to soften the skin; wet
onychophagia eating or biting the nail
pruritus an itch
rhytidermia wrinkled skin
sebopoiesis formation of oil (sebum)
seborrhea discharge of oil (sebum)
trichomegaly abnormally thick hair
urticaria swollen raised itchy areas of the skin
xanthoderma yellow skin
xeroderma dry skin
xerosis condition of dryness
macule, macula small, flat, discolored area (freckle)
vitiligo later, flat, discolored area (patch)
papule a small, solid mass
plaque a solid mass on the surface of the skin
nodule a solid mass that extends deeper into the skin
tumor a larger solid mass
vesicle a smaller blister
bulla a larger blister
pustule a pus-filled blister
abscess a localized collection of pus in the body
erosion loss of skin
ulcer a sore
excoriation a scratch
fissure a crack in the skin
scale skin flaking off
crust a dried substance on the skin
vascular lesion wounds related to blood vessels
cherry angioma a small blood vessel tumor
telangiectasia (spider angioma) the overexpansion of the end of a blood vessel
petechia a small bruise
ecchymosis a larger bruise
cicatrix scar
keloid overgrowth of scar tissue
epidermal tumor a tumor on the skin
nevus mole
dysplastic nevus a mole with bad changes/formation (often precancerous)
verruca wart
decubitus ulcer bed sore
psoriasis a skin condition characterized by patches of itchy, red, scaly skin
tinea ringworm
impetigo highly contagious bacterial infection of the skin
Created by: tcooper147
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