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MT Chapter 1

What is the foundation or the subject of the term? Root
What is found at the beginning of word that can modify the root? Prefixes
What is found at the end of the term that can give meaning to the root? Suffixes
What is a word root with a with a combining vowel that make it easier to form, spell, and pronounce medical terms? Combining form
lip fat
-emia blood condition
What vowel is the most common combining vowel? o
Hyphens are placed where for prefixes and suffixes? after the prefix to show it's at the beginning of a term before the suffix to show it's at the end of a term
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o vessel
cardi/o heart
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
hem/o, hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
oste/o bone
ur/o, urin/o urine
-al, -eal, -ac, -ar pertaining to
-ectasis expansion or dilation
-ectomy excision (removal)
-ia condition of
-itis inflammation
-logy study of
-megaly enlargement
-stomy creation of an opening
-tomy incision
oligo- few or deficient
para- alongside of, abnormal
peri- around
While there's 5 basic rules for constructing terms, all rules have exceptions, which is why you should refer to a medical dictionary for guidance
When defining medical terms through word structure, you should interpret the suffix____, prefix____, and root(s) ______ first second if present last
Medical terms can be built from the root
At times, terms can be formed by root alone or by a commination of roots
Sometimes, terms can also be formed from the combination of a prefix and suffix
What is an example of a term that can be formed from root alone? oviduct
What is an example of a term that can be formed from the combination of a prefix and suffix? metastasis
Phonetic system uses diacritical marks (symbols) to indicate different pronunciations
sub- below or under
epi- upon
endo- within
-rrhexis rupture
-rrhaphy suture
-logy study of
-ium structure or tissue
-dynia pain
cardi/ac pertaining to the heart
cardi/o/logy study of the heart
cardi/o/rrhexis rupture of the heart
sitology study of food
cytology study of cells
Created by: ghardin
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