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Ch 4 Organization

Directions, Planes, Cavities, Regions

TermDefinition
Superior Above, towards the head
Inferior Toward the lower part of the body
Posterior Toward the back of the body
Anterior Toward the front of the body
Medial Toward the midline of the body
Lateral Away from the midline of the body
Proximal closer to the origin of the body part- used for the appendicular system
Distal farther away from the origin of a body part/midline- used for the appendicular system
Superficial toward or at the body surface
Ventral front (belly side) aka anterior
Dorsal back of body/organ aka posterior
Cephalic toward the back of the head
Caudal caud/o toward lower part of body/tail
Coronal/Frontal Plane divides body into front and back (anterior/posterior)
Transverse/Horizontal Plane line that divides the body into upper (superior)and lower (inferior) sections
Midsagittal Plane divides the body into EQUAL right and left sides
Abdominal Cavity Contains stomach, intestines, spleen, and liver, and other organs
Thoracic Cavity chest region that contains the heart, lungs, trachea, esophagus, and major vessels
Pelvic Cavity Contains urinary bladder, reproductive organs, and rectum
Cranial Cavity contains the brain
Spinal Cavity Contains the spinal cord
Abdominopelvic Cavity both the pelvic and abdominal cavities
Regions of the abdominopelvic cavity Rt & Lt hypochondriac, epigastric, hypogastric, umbilical, Rt & Lt iliac, lumbar
Quadrants of the abdomen RUQ, LUQ, RLQ, LLQ
RUQ Contains the Liver, gallbladder, appendix, part pancreas, part small and large intestines
LUQ contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part of the pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines
RLQ contains parts of the small and large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter
LLQ contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter
Anatomical Position The position is defined as if the body is standing erect head facing forward, eyes open and looking directly forwards and mouth closed. The arms are by the sides , the palms are facing forward
Hist/o tissue (histology)
Brachi/o Brach/i arm
Bucc/o cheek
ot/o aur/i ear
or/o mouth
cyt/o cell
crani/o skull
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
Sagittal Divided into right and left
gene sequence of DNA that codes for a protein and thus determines a trait
chromosome A threadlike, gene-carrying structure found in the nucleus. Each chromosome consists of one very long DNA molecule and associated proteins.
Visceral pertaining to the internal organs
Inguinal Groin
Levels of organization atoms, molecules, cell, stem cells, tissue, organ, organ system, organism
epithelial tissue A body tissue that covers the surfaces of the body, inside and out.
functions of epithelial tissue protection, sensation, secretion, absorption, excretion, diffusion
Connective Tissue A body tissue that provides support for the body and connects all of its parts. Support network
Nerve tissue a body tissue that carries messages back and forth between the brain and every other part of the body
Muscle tissue 3 types
Skeletal Muscle Tissue Voluntary muscle, Anchors to bone via tendons. Locomotion and posture
Smooth Muscle Involuntary muscle. In walls of organs. Under control of autonomic nervous system
Cardiac Muscle Involuntary. Found only in the heart. Under control of autonomic nervous system
cost/o ribs
OTC over the counter
FDA Food and Drug Administration
GI gastrointestinal
ADE adverse drug event
Generic drug name the drug's official name. usually lower in cost
Brand/Trade drug name a drug with a registered name or trademark. aka trade name
medical order a written order by a health professional for a medication to be dispensed by a pharmacy for administration to a patient.. Dosage, form of drug, ROA and frequency of administration
dosage Amount and frequency and form (liquid, capsule,tablet, etc) of a medicinal drug that may be taken safely
ROA routes of administration. By mouth, injection, into eyes, ears, nostrils, rectum, vagina
Pelvic cavity the space formed by the hip bones; contains primarily the organs of the reproductive and excretory systems
Abdominal Cavity Contains stomach, intestines, spleen, and liver, and other organs
cells The basic building blocks for the various structures that together make up a human being
Created by: MsGoosherst
 

 



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