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law & Ethics

laws that deal with crime and punishments are: criminal law
an offense that is considered less serious than a felony, usually a fine or imprisonment for less than a year penalty. misdemeanor
A crime declared by statute to be serious and conviction usually requires imprisionment in a penitentiary for longer than a year felony
the crime of trying or threatening to hurt someone physically is: assault
intentionally touching or using force in a harmful manner, without the persons consent is: battery
a person who files a lawsuit initiating a legal action plaintiff
a person who is being sued or accused of a crime in a court of law: defendant
A written order that commands someone to appear in court to give evidence: subpoena
A formal statement that someone who has promised to tell the truth makes so that the statement can be used in court is: deposition
laws that deal with the rights of people rather than with crimes civil law
a legal agreement between two or more parties is: contract
infraction or violation of a law, obligation, tie, or standard breach
the failure to do something that a reasonably prudent individual would do under similar circumstances is: negligence
the body of law in the form of decisions, rules, regulations, and orders created by administrative agencies under the direction of the executive branch of the government used to carry out the duties of such agencies administrative law
a lawsuit or legal action that determines the legal rights and remedies of the person or party litigation
A witness in a court of law who is an expert on a particular subject is: an expert witness
an action that wrongly causes harm to someone but that is not a crime and that is dealt with in a civil court is called a: Tort
An intentional wrongful act by a person or entity who means to cause harm, who knows, or is reasonably certain, that harm will result from the act is known as: intentional Torts
to make a false spoken statement that causes people to have a bad opinion of another person is: slander
A false accusation that is made with malicious intent to hurt the reputation of a person who is living or the memory of a person who is dead, resulting in public embarrassment, contempt, ridicule, or hatred. libel
A rule of evidence in tort law that allows an inference or presumption that a defendant was negligent in an accident injuring the plaintiff on the basis of circumstantial evidence if the accident was of a kind that usually happens out of negligence res ipsa loquitur
A doctrine in tort law that makes an employer liable for the wrong doing of an employee respondeat superior
The laws that developed from English court decisions and customs and that form the basis of law in the US common law
Performance of an unlawful, wrongful act malfeasance
the performance of a lawful action in an illegal or improper manner is misfeasance
Failure to perform a task, duty, or undertaking that one has agreed to perform or has a legal duty to perform is nonfeasance
a clear and voluntary indication of preference or choice, orally or written, freely given after all options are made clear is called: informed consent
voluntary agreement with an action proposed by another is called: implied consent
actions that purposely intend to deceive another is: fraudulent
The law that gives patients right to privacy is called: HIPPA
Dr's recite the hypocratic oath MA's recite the: code of ethics
the ______ is the person who acts or exerts power of an advanced directive. agent
a legal document stating what medical procedures a patient would or wouldn't want should should they become unable to is a living will
this document names an agent or proxy to make medical decisions for a patient should they become unable is called durable power of attorney for health care
a medical directive telling staff not to return a patients heart should it fail is called DNR Do not resuscitate
A medical document that specifies which treatments will be allowed during end of life care is called MOLST
Created by: CWillems
Popular Medical sets




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