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Infection control

QuestionAnswer
A biological or chemical substance that is dangerous to human and environment is called: biohazard
The agency of the government that oversees and regulates workers safety is OSHA, occupational safety and health administration
this agency provides safety guidelines for medical offices and facilities CDC center for disease control and prevention
a retrovirus that invades and inactivates helper T-cells of the immune system is called: human immunodeficiency virus, HIV
liver infection transmitted by blood, semen, or other bodily fluids. Medical personnel are offered immunization for it. HBV hepatitis B virus
infections acquired in a health care setting is called: HAI, or healthcare associated infections
when an animal transfers a disease it is called a: vector transmission
when an object transfers a disease it is called a: fomite transmission
clean technique the practice designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens and helps break the chain of infection s called medical asepsis
the complete removal of micro-organisms and their spores from the surface of an object is called: surgical asepsis
this reduces the number of micro-organisms by removing debris with soap and water prior to disinfecting sanitization
a technique for destroying pathogens and their spores on inanimate objects, using heat, water, chemicals, or gasses is called: sterilization
cleaning something using chemicals that kill pathogens but not their spores is called disinfecting
This is an instrument used to sterilize equipment and supplies by subjecting them to high pressure saturated steam: autoclave
A medical device consisting of a tube and optical system for observing the inside of a hollow organ, cavity, or tissue plane is called: endoscope
Documents containing necessary information regarding chemicals in the work environment is: Safety data sheets or SDS
infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host are: the chain of infection
_________ ___________. is th most frequent source of healthcare associated infections occurring by direct or indirect contact is: contact transmission
A form of contact transmission with a different method, short distance, usually 3-4 feet thru the nasal, mouth or eyes Droplet transmission
pathogen or disease producing microorganism is: infectious agent
Site where the organism grows and multiplies is: A Reservoir
skin, respiratory tract, gastrointestinal tract, eyes, ears, mouth, urinary tract, and reproductive tract are all: Portal of exit
How a pathogen travels; most commonly by contact, droplet, or air, direct or indirect is the: mode of transmission
respiratory system, eyes, ears, urinary tract, reproductive tract, or break in skin is: the portal of entry
person at risk for developing an infection from the pathogen, such as an immunocompromised person is: A susceptible host
small particles carried by air current to a new host is: airborne transmission
Removal of caps can cause aerosols
A life threatening response of the body to an infection is sepsis
Nosocomial infection is a: Healthcare associated infection
Created by: CBohlander
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