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vital signs word list

arterial blood gases ABG
afibrile without fever
apnea without breathing
arrythmia irregular heartbeat
ateriosclerosis hardening of the arteries
asthma disease that affects the air passages in the lungs causing shortness of breath
atherosclerosis deposits of fat in arterial walls
arerial fibrillation af- rapid, irregular twitching of the heart
auxillary under the armpit
body mass index BMI
blood pressure bp, the force the blood exerts on the artery walls as they contract and relax with each heartbeat
brachial upper arm or elbow
bradycardia extremely slow heartbeat
bradypnea slow breathing
call the arrest notify the appropriate people
cardiopulmonary pertaining to the heart and lungs
cardiovascular pertaining to the heart and vessels
carotid neck
Coronary Care Unit CCU
cheyne-stokes- breathing caracterized by fluctuations in deapth of respiration
clapping using cupped hands to firmly strike regions to move secretions
chronic obstructive lung disease COLD
congestive heart failure CHF- heart is unable to pump all the blood away from the lungs
crackles sounds produced by air passing over airway secreations
crepitation sound produced by air passing over airway secreations
circulation, sensation, movement CSM
cerebrovascular accident CVA
Deep breathing & coughing DB&C
deep suctioning endotracheal suctioning
diastolic pressure pressure exerted on vessels when the heart is relaxing.
dorsalis pedis ankle
dyspnea difficult breathing
emphysema degeneration of the alveolar sacs in the lungs
extubate remove the endotracheal tube
febrile with fever
femoral thigh
height and weight anthropometric measurements
hemorrhage loss of a large amount of blood
height ht.
hypertension high blood pressure
hypotension low blood pressure
hypoxia insufficient oxygen in blood or tissue
Intensive Care Unit ICU
idiopathic disease with unknown cause
Myocardial infarction MI
orally by mouth
oximeter instrument to measure oxygen levels in blood
oxygenation proccess of the body being supplied with adequate amounts of oxygen
pulmonary function test PFT
physiotherapist assessespatients, divises deep breathing excercises.
pneumonia acute infections of the lungs
popliteal behind the knees
posterior tibial back of shin
postural drainage using gravity to help drain mucus and secretions
as required PRN
pulse rate, volume and rythem of the heart
peripheral vascular accident PVA
radial wrist
rales crackles
rectally by rectum
resperation rate of quality of breathing
rhonchi musical-pitched sounds that resemble snoring, heard on auscultation
registered repiratory technician RT/RRCP
Sterile Proccessing department SPD
shygomanometer instrument for measuring blood pressure
stethosccope devise that amplifies sound to listen to the heart and blood pressure
sublingual below the tongue
systolic pressure pressure on the vascular walls when the heart is contracting
tachypnea increase in the rate of breathing
telemetry monitor traces heart's activity, readout displayed on a small screen
Telemetry Unit a step down from ICU
temperature the body's ability to control heat
temporal by forehead
thermometer instrument for measuring heat
tracheostomy forming a new opening in the trachea
tympanically by ear
temperature, pulse, respiations TPR
vibrations rapid movement of flattened hads to remove secretions
vital signs important measurements of the body's state of health.
weight wt.
pacemaker electronic device that regulates the heartbeat