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Body systems

structures and organs

What are the smallest living units in the body? cells
Cells that are similar and organized the same are called: tissues
when two or more tissue types work together, they make up an: organ
_______ _________ are organs that work together to perform complicated tasks. body systems
Multiple organs working together to perform a complex function is a: system
Body tissues that work together to perform a specific function are: organs
what word means above or close to the head superior or cranial
what word means below or closer to the feet inferior or caudal
what word means toward the front of the body anterior or ventral
what word means toward the back of the body posterior or dorsal
What word means close to the midline of the body medial
what word means further away from the midline of the body lateral
what word means closer to the trunk of the body proximal
What word means father away from the trunk distal
what word means closer to the surface of the body superficial
what word means farther from the bodies surface deep
directional term that Divides the body into left and right sides. sagittal plane
Directional term that divides the body into left and right sides running thru the midline. midsagittal plane
directional term that divides the body into upper and lower sections, not always equally is: transverse plane
also called the coronal plane, divides the body into anterior and posterior sections: frontal plane
what body cavity houses the meninges/ cranial cavity
What cavity connects to the cranial cavity and runs down the midline? spinal cavity
what cavity houses the lungs, heart and major vessels thoracic cavity
This houses the several major organs abdominal cavity
this cavity houses the reproductive tract and bladder pelvic cavity
RUQ right upper quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
RLQ right lower quadrant
LLQ Left lower quadrant
When the body is at a balanced stable state it's called: homeostasis
What is responsible for protection, sensation, temperature regulation, and vitamin D production? Skin
what Produces sebum sebaceous oil glands
finger nails and toe nails are meant to: protect fingertip and toes
This aids in the cooling of the body: sudoriferous glands
outer layer of epithelial cells is: epidermis
thick layer under the dermis that contains arteries, veins, and nerves is the: Dermis layer
loose connective tissue composed of adipose tissue and lipocytes is the: subcutaneous layer
80 bones including the skull, vertabrae, and ribs is what type of skeleton? axial skeleton
what type of skeleton contains 126 bones including arms, legs, and pelvic girdle appendicular skeleton
these attach bone to bone ligaments
these bones have yellow bone marrow and are covered by articular cartilage long bones
these bones are small and round short bones
skull and rib bones are what type of bone shape? flat bones
vertebrae and pelvis bones are considered: irregular bones
small round bones in joints held by tendons are called sesamoid bones
This muscle type is responsible for movement: skeletal, striated, or voluntary this muscle
this muscle is found within hollow organs, and blood vessels smooth or involuntary
this muscles is cross fibered to allow for contracting cardiac muscle
Small granular structures concentrated in the axilla, neck, and groin are lymph nodes
masses comprised of macrophages and lymphocytes but not encapsulated are: lymph nodules
located posterior to the sternum responsible for producing T-cells is: thymus
located in the upper left abdominal quadrant home to macrophage that filter the blood is: the spleen
A major component of the bodies defense are: T cells and B cells
This is a foreign substance in the body antigen
the protein the body creates in response to specific antigens in the body are: antibodies
antibodies are also called: immunoglobulins
These are lymphocytes that recognize antigens and respond by turning into plasma that create antibodies against a certain antigen are: B cells
these are lymphocytes that recognize antigens and attaches and destroys them: Killer T cells
these engulf and destroy coagulated pathogens in the blood with antibodies Monocytes
This type of immunity occurs when a host has an infection and develops antibodies to prevent future infections naturally acquired active immunity
this type of immunity comes from a vaccine artificially acquired active immunity
This immunity is short term usually passed from mother to newborn naturally acquired passive immunity
this immunity is short term and is done by giving an exposed person antibodies from a person who had the infection already artificially acquired passive immunity
these are thick walled vessels that carry blood away from the heart and contract to move the blood. artery and arteriole
These vessels carry blood to the heart and contain valves veins and venule
these are the smallest of vessels that aid in the exchange of oxygen and nutrients between blood and body cells capillary
this is the inner most layer of cells that line the atria and ventricles endocardium
this is the muscular layer of the heart myocardium
this is a membrane surrounding the heart producing pericardial fluids pericardium
This organ is located on either side of the vertebral column. kidneys
Theses are long tubes responsible for carrying urine from kidneys to the bladder ureters
This organ is an expandable sac urinary bladder
this tube is responsible for excreting urine urethra
this body part is responsible for initial digestion mouth
this is a part of the gastrointestinal and respiratory systems pharynx
muscular tube that uses wave like movements called peristalsis esophagus
uses gastric juices to break down food and propels it to the small intestine stomach
this organ takes up most of the abdominal space and absorbs nutrients small intestine
small intestine has 3 sections: duodenum, jejunum, ileum
absorption is completed here and feces is formed here colon
colon has 5 sections which are cecum, ascending, transverse, defending, and sigmoid colon
the end of the colon where feces is stored rectum
this opens and releases feces anus
this organ produces bile that breaks down fats liver
this organ stores bile and connects to the duodenum gall bladder
this organ produces enzymes that aid with digestion pancreas
nasal cavity, larynx, trachea, and lungs are all part of what bodily system? respiratory system
what coordinates bodily activities and is the body control center? the brain
This provides a pathway for nerve impulses to and from the brain: spinal cord
This contains 12 pairs of cranial nerves and 31 pairs of spinal nerves branching off from the spine: peripheral nerves
Created by: CWillems
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