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Haney Med Term ch7

Haney Medical term c7- KS

QuestionAnswer
The body contains three types of muscles. What are they? Skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, and cardiac muscle.
What are skeletal muscles also known as? Voluntary muscles
What are smooth muscles also called? Visceral muscles
Thin sheet of fibrous connective tissue that penetrate and cover the entire muscle, holding the fibers together. Fascia
A specialized type of muscle that forms the wall of the heart? Cardiac muscle
The point of attachment of a muscle to a bone that is less movable. Origin
Muscles that act without conscious control. Involuntary muscles
Muscles that operate under conscious control. Voluntary muscles
Muscles that attach to the bones of the skeleton. Skeletal muscle
Muscles that are found on the walls of hollow organs and tubes such as the stomach, intestines, respiratory passageways, and blood vessels. Smooth muscle
Muscles that have a striped appearance when viewed under a microscope. Striated muscle
Wasting away Atrophy
A reduction in size. Contraction
Pain in the joints. Arthralgia
A strong fibrous band of tissue that extends from a muscle, attaching it to the bone. Tendon
The main part of the body, to which the head and the extremities are attached. Trunk
Muscles of internal organs Visceral muscle
This muscle forms most of the fleshy part of the buttock. Gluteus maximus
A muscle that has two heads, both of which originate from the scapula and insert on the radius. Biceps brachii
A muscle that has three head, which originate from the scapula and the humerus and insert onto the olecranon process or the ulna. Triceps brachii
This muscle covers the shoulder joint. Deltoid
A large, fan-shaped muscle that crosses the upper part of the chest. Pectoralis major
A triangular-shaped muscle that extends across the back of the shoulder, covers the back of the neck, and inserts on the clavicle and scapula. Trapezius
Muscle located above and near the ear. Temporal
Muscle located at the fleshy part of the cheek. Buccinator
Muscle located at the angle of the jaw. Masseter
An injury to the body of the muscle or attachment of the tendon, resulting from overstretching, overextention, or misuse. Strains
In this type of joint the surfaces fit closely together. It is immovable. Fibrous joint
In this type of joint the bones are connected by cartilage. It allows limited movement. Cartilaginous joint
In this type of joint the bones have a space between them. It allows free movement. Synovial joint
This type of joint allows movement in one direction- a back and forth type of motion. Hinge joint
This type of joint allows movement in many directions around a central point. Ball-and-socket joint
A straightening motion. Increases the angle between two bones. Extension
The movement of the bone away from the midline of the body. Abduction
The movement of the bone toward the midline of the body. Adduction
The movement that involves the turning of a bone on it's own axis. Rotation
The act of turning the palm up or forward. Supination
The act of turning the palm down or backward. Pronation
Narrows the angle between the leg and the top of the foot. Dorsiflexion
Increases the angle between the leg and the top of the foot. Plantar flexion
The movement of an extremity around in a circular motion. Circumduction
The point at which two joints come together. Articulation joint
A small sac that contains synovial fluid. Bursa
The manual forcing of a joint back into it's original position without making an incision. Closed manipulation
The space between two connecting bones. Joint cavity
Connective tissue bands that join bone to bone, offering support to the joint. Ligament
A vague feeling of weakness. Malaise
Kyphosis Humpback
The insertion of a needle into a cavity for the purpose of withdrawing fluid. Needle aspiration
Increased reaction of the skin to exposure to sunlight. Photosensitivity
Inflammation of the joints. Arthritis
An abnormal enlargement of the joint at the base of the great toe. Bunion
A cystic tumor developing on a tendon. Ganglion
Created by: Katiekons