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AmericanGov Final

QuestionAnswer
House of Burgesses The legislative assembly established in the 1640’s in Virginia, now known as the General Assembly of Virginia
Parts of the Declaration of Independence A description of the purpose of government, a list of grievances against the king of England, A definition of peoples’ natural rights, stated that in a democracy
From where does the power come from stated in the Declaration of Independence? Power comes from the people
Legislative Branch Bicameral legislature, House of Representatives whose membership was based on the population of a state, Senate whose membership was based on two Senators per state
Why did Federalist agree to add a Bill of Rights to the Constitution? To persuade the Anti-Federalists to accept the constitution
U.S. Constitution v. Articles of Confederation The U.S. Constitution created a national government having three branches
Differences between the Anti-Federalists and the Federalists Disagreed over the division of powers between the national and state governments
A major reason why the Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution To protect individual liberties from abuse by the federal government
“Father of the Constitution” James Madison
Checks and Balances Prevents other branches from becoming too powerful
First Amendment Freedom of Speech, Freedom of the Press, Freedom of Religion, right of the people peaceably to assemble, petition the government for a redress of grievances
Where did the Anti-Federalists believe the power was given in the original draft of the Constitution? National Government
Federalists beliefs on the Constitution Checks and Balances system was designed to prevent the three branches from acquiring preponderant power, a strong national government was necessary to facilitate interstate commerce and to manage foreign trade, national defense, and foreign relations
Some main areas for which the Constitution provides? C&B between 3 coequal branches of govern. to avoid powerful central govern., establishing fed law as Supreme law of the land, giving states power to govern themselves, counting slaves as ⅗’s of the population when deciding represen. in the House of Reps
Election of 1800 The first instance of political power being transferred peacefully from one political party to another
Veto Power granted to the President in order to prevent passage of legislation
Judicial Review Supreme court can declare a law unconstitutional because of the principle of judicial review
What court case established Judicial Review Marbury V Madison
Central idea of democracy The belief that government is derived from the people
According to the Declaration of Independence, from where should the government derive their legitimacy? Governments should derive their legitimacy from the consent of the governed
One goal of the American Revolution Liberty
Know what the 14th, 15th, 19, and 21st amendments were all about 14th defined national citizenship and forbid the states to restrict the basic rights of citizens or other persons, 15th granted African American men the right to vote, 19th granted women right to vote, 21st repealed 18th amendment on Prohibition
Political Machines A party organization that recruits its members by the use of incentives, including money, jobs, and favors. It is characterized by a high degree of leadership control over member activity
Reapportionment of the Constitution The constitution requires reapportionment every 10 years
The concept in the opening words of the Preamble The opening words of the preamble of the Constitution expresses Popular Sovereignty
Procedures for a president to be removed from office The house votes for impeachment and the senate conducts a trial and reaches a guilty verdict
Pocketbook Vote The economy serves as a driving force for determining the outcome of a certain election. In good economic times, the party holding the White House normally does well; while in poor time, the opposition party normally does better.
What are the following course cases about? Marbury v. Madison Roe v. Wade Plessy v. Ferguson McCullouch v Maryland Plessy upheld constitution of revival of segregat laws for public places as long as the segregat places were = in quality, (separate but =) Marbury started judicial review Roe affirms legality of woman’s abortion right, McCullouch impose taxes on bank
Cloture Motion Cuts off debate on a bill
Formal qualifications to run for President and/or Congress President, natural born, at least thirty-five, be a U.S. resident within the U.S. for fourteen years. Congress, senators must be at least thirty, 25 for reps, citizens of the U.S. for nine years, and resident of the state in which they were elected
Due Process A state may not take away a person's life, liberty, or property
How many amendments are in the Constitution today? 27
What are the Bill of Rights? Guarantees of certain basic rights
Double Jeopardy Person cannot be tried twice for the same crime
Refugees v. illegal aliens Refugees, flee to another country to escape persecution or danger. Aliens, a foreign national who is living without authorization in a country of which they are not a citizen
Biggest entitlement program Social Security
Magna Carta Established a limited government
Progressive Tax v. Flat Tax Progressive, takes a higher percentage of income from upper income groups than from lower income groups. Flat, tax system with a constant marginal rate, usually applied to individual or corporate income tax
What do Article I, II, and III establish in the Constitution 1 establishes Legislative Branch, 2 establishes executive branch, and 3 establishes Judicial branch
What did the framers of the Constitution intend to establish? A representative republic
Establishment Clause Prohibits congress from establishing a state religion
Federalism Division of powers between the levels of government
Steps for an amendment to be adopted 1- 2/3's of both houses of Congress pass a proposed constitutional amendment. This sends the proposed amendment to the states for ratification. 2- 3/4's of the states (38) ratify the proposed amendment, by their legislatures or ratifying conventions
Articles of Confederation There was no Supreme Court, each state had one vote in Congress, the 13 states had to unanimously agree
Civic Duty v. Jury Duty Civic - a person has an obligation to participate in governmental/civic affairs. Jury - if registered to vote or have a driver’s license, you may be called for Jury Duty to be questioned and possibly serve on a jury. This is one aspect of Civic Duty.
Closed Party v. Open Party Closed, the primary where it requires that voters declare that they are a registered member of the party in order to vote in that primary. Open, allows any registered voter to cast their ballot in either party’s primary
Who is responsible for forming the boundaries of the US congressional districts? State Legislatures
Created by: nadia7524
 

 



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