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infection control

safety data sheets (SDSs) documents containing necessary information regarding chemicals in the work environment
sharps container puncture- proof container designed specifically to safely dispose of needles, scalpels, and other sharp disposable medical instruments.
biohazard bag gloves, gauze, bandages, and other items should be placed in a bag which is leak proof and labeled.
biohazard waste bag ingredients must be made of an impermeable polyethylene or polypropylene material.
occupational safety and health administration (OSHA) agency of the government that oversees and regulates worker safety
centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) provides safety guidelines for medical offices and facilities
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) a retrovirus that invades and inactivates helper t-cells of the immune system and is a cause of AIDS and AIDS-related complex.
hepatitis B virus (HBV) liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus that is transmitted by blood, semen, or another bodily fluid from an infected person.
healthcare-associated infections (HAI) infections acquired in a health care setting
OSHA requirements requires facilities to develop and annually review an effective exposure control plan specific to the organization.
minimum OSHA plan protections in place for jobs with exposure to infectious material, use of personal protective equipment, action plans when an exposure incident occurs, labeling of hazardous substances, immunizations offered, record-keeping
six links in the chain of infection infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, susceptible host
reservoir an environment conducive to pathogen survival
agents of indirect transmission vector (animal), fomite
identification in SDSs product identifier, manufacturer information, recommended use, restrictions on use
hazard identification all hazards related to the chemical including label requirements
composition/ingredients chemical ingredients
first-aid measures symptoms and effects from exposure including treatment necessary
fire-fighting measures appropriate extinguishing methods and chemical hazards from fire
accidental release measures emergency procedures, PPE, containment, and cleanup
handling and storage safe handling and appropriate storage requirements
exposure controls/personal protection recommended exposure limits and PPE necessary
physical and chemical properties chemical characteristics
stability and reactivity chemical stability and potential reactions
toxicological information measures of toxicity, acute and chronic effects, routes of exposure, also needs to include ecological, disposal, transport, and regulatory information regarding the chemical
other information additional information including last revision
medical asepsis clean technique; the practice designed to reduce the number and transfer of pathogens; also helps in breaking the chain of infection
surgical asepsis the complete removal of micro0organisms and their spores from the surface of an object
sanitation often the first step. reducing the number of micro-organisms by removing debris with soap and water prior to disinfecting.
disinfection to clean something using chemicals that kill pathogens but not their spores
common disinfectant glutaraldehyde cheaper alternative is 1:10 bleach solution
sterilization a technique for destroy8ing pathogens and their spores on inanimate objects, using heat, water, chemicals, or gases.
autoclave an instrument that sterilizes equipment and supplies by subjecting them to high pressure saturated steam.
Created by: elshalance
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