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Terminology

TermDefinition
abd abdomen
ABG's arterial blood gas
ac before meals
ACLS advanced cardiac life support
ad ib as desired
AKA above the knee amputation
AMA against medical advice
ASA asprin
BE barium enema
BKA below the knee amputation
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
BMP beats per minute
BRP bathroom privileges
BSA body surface area
BUN blood urea nitrogen
bx biopsy
C celsius
C&S culture and sensitivity
ca calcium or cancer
CABG coronary artery bipass graft
CAD coronary artery disease
CBC Complete blood (cell) count
CC chief complaint
CDC center for disease control and prevention
cm centimeters
CNS central nervous system
CP chest pain
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
c/o complains of
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
csf cerebrospinal fluid
cv cardiovascular
CVA cardiovascular accident (stroke)
CXR chest x-ray
D&C dilatation and curettage
D/C, dc discharge or discontinue
DNR do not resusitate
DOB date of birth
dx diagnosis
ECG or EKG electrocardiogram
ED emergency department
ENT ear, nose, throat
EEG electroencephalogram
FBS or FBG fasting blood sugar / glucose
f/u follow up
FUO fever of unknown origin
fx fracture
GI gastrointestinal
GTT glucose tolerance test
GYN gynecologist
Hct hematocrit
HEENT head, ears, nose, throat
HF heart failure
Hgb hemoglobin
HPV human Papillomavirus
Htn, HTN hypertention
hx history
I&D incision and drainage
I&O intake and output
ICU intensive care unit
IUD intrauterine device
K potassium
KUB kidney, uterus, bladder
LLE lower left extremity
LLL lower left lobe
LLQ lower left quadrant
LMP last menstural period
LUE left upper extremity
LUQ left upper quadrant
MI myocardial infarction
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
MS multiple sclerosis
N/V nausea and vomiting
NG nasogastric
NKA no known allergies
NPO nothing by mouth or nil per os
NSAID non steroidal anti-inflamitory drug
OB obstetrician
OTC over the counter
PA physicians assistant
pc after meal
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PO by mouth
PRN as needed
PT physical therapy
pt patient
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RLE right lower extremity
RLL right lower lobe
RLQ right lower quadrant
R/O rule out
ROM range of motion
RT respiratory therapist
RUE right upper extremity
RUQ right upper quadrant
Rx prescription
SOB short of breath
STAT immediately
STI sexually transmitted infection
TIA transient ischemic attack
URI upper respiratory infection
WNL within normal limits
YO or y/o years old
aden gland
pancreat pancreas
thry thyroid gland
hem blood
hemat blood
phleb vein
thromb clot
arthr joint
brachi arm
cervic neck
chondr cartilage
cost rib
crain skull
dactyl finger or toe
fibr connective tissue
my muscle
oste bone
pod foot
sacr sacrum lower backbone
spondyl vertebra
ten tendon
adip fat
bi life
carcin cancer
cry cold
dors back portion of body
hist tissue
later side
lip fat
necr death
onc tumor
path disease
septic infection
angi blood vessel
hepat lliver
icter jaundice
peps digestion
phag eating swallowing
proct rectum
gaster stomach
enter intestines
pulmon lungs
rhin nose
an without
a without
ab away, from
ad toward
ambi both
ante before
bi twice
brady slow
dys pain
inter between
intra within
mal bad
meso middle
peri around
post after
pseudo fasle
sten narrowing
tachy fast
trans across
age related to
cide kill
phylaxis protection or prevention
pnea breathing
plasty repair
scopy visual examination
stasis stopping or controlling
stomy a new opening
tomy incision
tripsy crushing
lysis destruction
ectomy removal of
cise cut or remove
centesis surgical puncture
oma tumor
pathy disorder or disease
penia decrease
rrhage bursting forth
sclerosis hardening
distal farther away from
dorsal back
lateral side
inferior below
fowler's raising the head of the bed to 90 degrees
anterior front
meso middle
intra inside
peri surrounding
trans across
medial midline
oblique slanting on an incline
peripheral outside the central area
posterior back
prone lying on the abdomen
proximal toward the center or point of attachment
recumbent laying down
Sims' lateral with one knee and thigh up
superior above or directed upward
supine lying on the back
trendelenburg laying with the head lower than the legs
Created by: CBohlander
 

 



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