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Ch 19- Oncology

Chapter 19 Oncology

Tumors that are _______________ are capable of invasion and spreading to other sites. malignant
Tumors that are ______________ are noninvasive and not capable of invading nearby tissues or spreading to other sites. benign
The secondary growth of cancer cells from a primary site is called ________________. metastasis
The transformation from a normal cell to a cancerous cell is called ________________. carcinogenesis
Malignant transformation results from damage to the genetic material of the cell called _________________. DNA
Environmental agents that can cause damage to DNA and thus produce cancer are called ___________________. carcinogens
_______________ are the largest group of cancers and are solid tumors that are derived from epithelial tissue that lines external and internal body surfaces. carcinomas
Benign tumors of epithelial origin are called __________________. adenomas
Malignant tumors that are derived from the connective tissues in the body are called _____________________. sarcomas
The mushrooming pattern of growth in which tumor cells pile one on top of another and project from a tissue surface are described as ___________________. fungating
Large, soft, fleshy tumors are called ____________________. medullary
Tumors that contain dead tissue are referred to as ________________. necrotic
___________________ refers to localized tumor cells that have not invaded adjacent structures. carcinoma in situ
The microscopic description _______________, means spreading evenly throughout the affected tissue. diffuse
The degree of maturity or differentiation under the microscope is referred to as a tumors ______________. grade
The extent of spread within the body is referred to as the tumors _________________. stage
One example of a staging system is called _______________________. TNM/International Staging System
The process of burning tissue to destroy it is called ___________________. cauterization
The removal of a tumor and a margin of normal tissue is called a _________________ biopsy. excisional
The destruction os tissue by electric sparks generated by a high-frequency current is called ___________________. fulguration
The removal of a piece of tissue for examination to establish a diagnosis is called an ___________________ biopsy. incisional
The implantation of small, sealed containers or seeds of radioactive material directly into a tumor or in close proximity to a tumor is called ___________________. brachytherapy
A _____________ is a unit of absorbed radiation dose. gray
A tumor that can be completely eradicated by radiation therapy is referred to as _____________________. radiocurable
A tumor that requires large doses of radiation to produce death of the cells is called ____________________. radioresistant
Cancer treatment that utilizes drugs is called __________________. chemotherapy
An ______________ transplant is when marrow is previously obtained from the patient and stored to be reinfused when needed. autologous
An _________________ transplant is accomplished by obtaining marrow from a living donor other than the recipient. allogeneic
BMT bone marrow transplantation
bx biopsy
CA cancer
CEA carcinoembryonic antigen
chemo chemotherapy
DNA deoxyribonucleic acid
ER estrogen receptor
Gy gray
IGRT intensity-modulated gated radiation therapy
IMRT intensity modulated radiation therapy
IORT intraoperative radiation therapy
mets metastases
NED no evidence of disease
NHL Non-Hodgkin lymphoma
PD progressive disease
PR partial response
prot. protocol
PSA prostate-specific antigen
PSRS proton stereotactic radiosurgery
RNA ribonucleic acid
RT radiation therapy
TNM tumor, nodes, metastases
XRT, RT radiation therapy
Created by: leanneweit
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