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reproductive system

testes produce sperm and testosterone. located below the pelvic cavity on the outside of the body, within the scrotum.
scrotum a pouch of skin that houses the testes.
penis external cylinder-like shaped organ that moves urine and semen out of the body.
epididymis coiled tube located superior to each teste, responsible for maturation of sperm cells
vas deferens connects the epididymis to the urethra
seminal vesicles sac-like organs that secrete seminal fluid. this fluid stimulates muscle contractions in the female reproductive organs to aid in propelling sperm forward.
prostate gland surrounds the proximal urethra, contracts during ejaculation to aid in forward movement of sperm. secretes fluid that protects sperm within the vagina
bulbourethral glands (Cowper's glands) inferior to the prostate gland, secrete fluid to lubricate the end of the penis to prepare for intercourse.
androgens group of male sex hormones
testosterone most abundant and biologically active male sex hormones
ovaries pair of oval shaped organs located within the pelvic cavity. produce ova, estrogen, and progesterone
fallopian tubes muscular tubes with proximal opening near each ovary, connects distally to uterus. receives egg during ovulation
uterus hollow muscular organ, lies low in the pelvic cavity. receives fertilized egg, which implants into uterine wall for fetal development. in a nonpregnant female, the uterine lining sloughs off monthly, causing menstruation.
cervix lower portion of the uterus, which created a barrier between the uterus and the vagina and dilates during childbirth.
vagina muscular tube extending from the uterus to the outside of the body. expands during intercourse and childbirth.
labia majora folds of skin and adipose tissue that protect other external genitalia.
labia minora folds of skin within the labia majora, pinkish in color due to high blood circulation, forms a hood over the clitoris.
clitoris highly sensitive female erectile tissue located anterior to the urethra.
perineum area between the vagina and the anus
estrogen group of female sex hormones
progesterone hormone secreted by ovaries
estradiol most abundant and biologically active female hormone.
Created by: elshalance
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