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Musculoskeletal

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
articulation 2 or more bones meet (joint)
ligaments bone to bone
tendons muscle to bone
adduction closer to midline
abduction moves away from midline
flexion decrease angle of joint, bend
extension increase the angle of joint, straight
pronation palm downward
supination palm upward
inversion sole of the foot inward
eversion sole of the foot outward
dorsiflexion elevates the foot
plantar flexion lowers the foot (point toes down)
leiomy/o smooth muscle
muscul/o muscle
my/o muscle
rhabd/o rod-shaped (striated)
rhabdomy/o rod-shaped (striated) muscle
brachi/o arm
carp/o carpus (wrist bone)
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck, cervix
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
dactyl/o fingers, toes
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
metacarp/o metacarpus (hand bones)
phalang/o phalanges (bones of the fingers and toes)
spondyl/o vertebrae (backbone)
vertebr/o vertebrae (backbone)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
calcane/o calcaneum (heel bone)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (small bone in the lower leg)
ili/o ilium (hip bone)
ischi/o ischium (lower hipbone)
lumb/o lower back
metatars/o metatarsus (foot bones)
petell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis
pelv/o pelvis
pod/o foot
pub/o pubis
tibi/o tibia (larger bone in the lower leg)
ankyl/o stiffness, bent, crooked
arthr/o joint
chondr/o cartilage
fasci/o band, fascia
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina
lord/o curve , swayback
myel/o bone marrow, spinal cord
orth/o straight
ped/o foot, child
ped/i foot, child
scoli/o crooked, bent
synov/o synovial membrane
ten/o tendon
tend/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-asthenia weakness, debility
-clast to break, surgical fracture
-porosis porous
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
syn- union, together, joined
claudication limping
Paget disease chronic inflammation of bones
kyphosis humpback
lordosis swayback
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
BMD bone mineral density
CTS carpal tunnel syndrome
DEXA, DXA dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
DJD degenerative joint disease
DMARDs disease modifying antirheumatic drugs
DO, D.O. doctor of Osteopathy
HNP herniated nucleus pulposus (herniated disk)
MD doctor of medicine
PCL posterior cruciate ligament
THR total hip replacement
TRAM transverse rectus abdominis muscle
Created by: Dwentz
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