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ch 14 med term cont2

cont 2

mastoiditis inflammation of the mastoid process of the temporal bone;usually an extension of a middle ear infection
labyrinthitis inflammation of the inner ear
cochlear pertaining to a snail-shaped structure within the middle ear
barotitis media inflammation or bleeding of the middle ear caused by sudden changes in atmospheric pressure,as in scuba diving or descent of an airplane
auriculotemporal pertaining to the ear and the temporal area of the skull
aural pertaining to the ear
auditory pertaining to the sense of hearing
augiogram a recording of the faintest sounds an individual is able to hear
acoustic pertaining to sound or hearing
myringoplasty surgical repair of the eardrum with a tissue graft. this procedure is performed to correct hearing loss. also called tympanoplasty
myringotomy surgical incision into the eardrum.this procedure is performed to relieve pressure or release fluid from the middle ear.also called tympanotomy
otalgia pain in the ear;earache. also called otodynia
otitis media inflammation of the ear
otodynia pain in the ear;earache
otomycosis a fungal infection of the external auditory meatus of the ear
otorrhea drainage from the ear;usually associated with inflammation of the ear
purulent containing pus
serous pertaining to producing sperm
vertigo a sensation of spinning around or having things in the room or area spinning around the person;a result of distrubance of the equilibrium
tympanotomy surgical incision into the eardrum.this procedure is performed to relieve pressure or release fluid from the middle ear.also called tympanotomy
tympanoplasty surgical repair of the eardrum with a tissue graft. this procedure is performed to correct hearing loss. also called tympanoplasty
tinnitus a ringing or tinkling noise heard in the ears;may be a sign of injury to the ear,some disease process,or toxic levels of some medications from prolonged use
stapedectomy surgical removal of the stapes(middle ear) and insertion of a graft and prosthesis
cholestoma a slow growing cystic mass made up of epithelial cell debris and cholesterol found in the middle ear
deafness, conductive hearing loss caused by the breakdown of the transmission of sound waves through the middle and or external ear
labryrinthitis infection or inflammation of the labyrinth or the inner ear-specifically the three semicircular canals in the inner ear,which are fluid-filled chambers and control balance
impacted cerumen an excessive accumulation of the wax-like secretions from the glands of the external ear canal
deafness,sensorineural hearing loss caused by the inability of nerve stimuli to be delivered to the brain from the inner ear due to damage to the auditory nerve or the cochlea or the lesions of the 8th cranial nerve (auditory)
meniere's disease chronic inner ear disease in which there is an overaccumulation of endolymph characterized by recurring episodes of vertigo,hearing loss,feeling of pressure or fullness in the affected ear & tinnitus;usually unilateral but occurs bilaterally too
mastoiditis inflammation of the mastoid process, which is usually an acute expansion of an infection in the middle ear
otosclerosis a condition in which the footplate of the stapes becomes immobile and secured to the oval window,resulting in a hearing loss
suppurative otitis media a purulent collection of fluid in the middle ear causing the person to experience pain, an elevation in temperature,dizziness,decreased hearing,vertigo and tinnitus also called acute otitis media
serous otitis media (som) a collection of clear fluid in the middle ear that may follow acute otitis media or be due to an obstruction of the eustachian tube
otitis media, acute (aom) a middle ear infection,which predominately affects infants toddlers, and preschoolers
otitis externa (oe) inflammation of the outer or external ear canal;also called "Swimmer's ear"
perforation of the tympanic membrane rupture of the tympanic or eardrum
audiometry the process of measuring how well an individual hears various frequencies of sound waves
otoscopy the use of an otoscope to view and examine the tympanic membrane and various parts of the outer ear
stapedectomy microsurgical removal of the stapes diseased by otosclerosis typically under local anesthesia
otoplasty removal of a potion of ear cartilage to bring the pinna and auricle nearer the head
tuning fork test (weber test) an examination used to evaluate acuity and to discover whether a hearing deficit is a conductive loss or a sensorineural loss
tuning fork test (rinne test) an examination that compares bone condition and air conduction
myringotomy a surgical procedure with insertion of a small ventilation tube introduced into the inferior segment of the tympanic membrane
hearing aids devices that amplify sound to provide more precise perception and interpretation of words communicated to the individual with a hearing deficit
"in canal style" hearing aid is the newest and least conspicuous of the devices,fitting completely into the ear canal and allowing for exercise and talking on the telephone without being obtrusive
"in ear style" hearing aid is worn in the external ear and is larger and more noticeable than the in canal style
"behind ear style" hearing aid allows for even greater amplification of sound than the in ear style and is much easier to manipulate manually for care and control
"body hearing aid" is used by individuals with profound hearing loss. clipped on clothing, sound travels through external ear canal
Created by: Courtne