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Digestive system

Medical Terminology

QuestionAnswer
triglycerides true fat 1 glycerol and three fatty acids
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
labi/o lip
dent/o teeth
odont/o teeth
gingiv/o gums
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
esophag/o esophagus
pharyng/o pharynx (throat)
gastr/o stomach
pylor/o pylorus
duoden/o duodenum (first part of small intestine)
enter/o intestine (usually small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (second part of the small intestine)
ile/o ileum (third part of the small intestine)
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
col/o colon
colon/o colon
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
rect/o rectum
proct/o anus, rectum
an/o anus
hepat/o liver
pancreat/o pancreas
cholangi/o bile vessel
chol/e bile, gall
cholecyst/oiasis gallbladder
choledoch/o bile duct
-iasis abnormal condition
-orexia appetite
-pepsia digestion
-phagia swallowing eating
-prandial meal
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
borborygmus rumbling or gurgling noises from the stomach
cachexia wasting away
Crohn disease form of inflammatory bowel disease IBD,
halitosis foul-smelling breath
melena dark feces (usually from internal bleeding)
obstipation severe constipation which may be caused by and obstruction
paracentesis procedure to remove fluid from the abdomen
Ba barium
BaE, BE barium enema
EGD esophagogastroduodenoscopy
ESWL extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
EUS endoscopic ultrasonography (x-ray studies)
GBS gallbladder series
GER gastroesophageal reflux
HAV hepatitis A virus
HBV hepatitis B virus
HCV hepatitis C virus
HDV hepatitis D virus
HEV hepatitis E virus
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
LFT liver function test
MRCP magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography
NG nasogastric
OCG oral cholecystography
PE physical examination, pulmonary embolism, pressure-equalizing
PUD peptic ulcer disease
R/O rule out
RGB Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
UGIS upper gastrointestinal series
US ultrasound, ultrasonography
Created by: Dwentz
Popular Standardized Tests sets

 

 



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