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GLOW Paiges Skeletal

TermDefinition
How many bones are in the body? 206
Osteology The study of bones
What are the 3 types of bones? Long, flat and irregular
Long Found in the arms and legs
Flat Pear-shaped located in skull, scapula, hip, sternum, ribs and patella
Irregular Wrist, ankle and spiral column
What is bone composed of? 2/3 mineral matter and 1/3 organic matter
What are the 6 bone functions? 1. Support the body 2. Surround and protect internal organs 3. Provide framework for muscles to attach to 4. Allow body movement 5. Produce red and white blood cells 6. Store calcium
Skull Protects the brain
How many bones make up the cranium? 8
How many bones makeup the facial skeleton? 14
Frontal bone Forehead
Parietal bones Top sides of head fused together
Occipital bone Back of head close to the neck
Temporal Bottom sides above ears
Sphenoid bone Behind the eyes and nose connecting all the bones of cranium
Ethmoid Between the eyes forms part of the nasal cavity
Mandible Lower jaw
What is the largest facial bone? Mandible
Maxillae 2 bones forming the upper jaw
Zygomatic 2 bones of the upper cheeks and bottom of the eye sockets
Lacrimal Front part of the inner bottom wall of the eye socket
What is the smallest facial bone? Lacrimal
Nasal 2 bones that join the bridge of the nose
Cervical vertebrae 7 bones that form the top part of the spinal column
Hyoid U-shaped bone at the base of the tongue that supports the muscle or the tongue
What bone is not connected to another bone? Hypoid
Thorax Chest
Thoracic vertebrae Spine
Clavicle Located across the chest between the shoulders
Decollete Upper chest area
Scapula Shoulder blades Joint attaches to the clavicle
How many ribs are there altogether? 24 , 12 on each side
True ribs Cartilage that anchors ribs to the sternum
How many true ribs are there? 7
Free/floating ribs Ribs not attached to the sternum
How many free or floating ribs are there ? 2
Humerus Bone in upper arm extending the elbow to the shoulder
What is the longest bone in the arm? Humerus
Radius Smaller bone on the THUMB side of the forearm
Ulna Larger bone on the LITTLE FINGER side of the forearm
Carpals 8 small bones held together by ligaments to form the wrist
Metacarpals 5 thin bones that form the palm of the hand
Phalanges 14 bones that form the digits or fingers
How many phalanges are in a finger? 3
How many phalanges are in the thumb? 2
Femur Long bone of the upper thigh
What is the strongest bone in the body? Femur
Patella Knee cap
Tarsals Bones that form the ankle
Metatarsals Flat bones that form the base of the foot
Pubis Anterior portion of the hip bone
Illium Large bone forming the upper half of the pelvis
Sacrum HINT: bum Triangular bone in between the hip bones
Coccyx Tailbone
Ischium Curved bone at base of the pelvis
Tibia Larger and INNER bone of lower leg
Fibula Smaller and OUTER bone of the lower leg
Calcaneus Heel
Created by: phaimes
 

 



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