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Anatomic Systems

Structural Units of the Body

What is Anatomy ? What is Physiology? Anatomy is the study of the body. Physiology is the study of the functions of the structures of the body. (PHYSI- nature or physical/ OLOGY- study of)
Why do we use Anatomic Reference Systems? What are they? We use them to describe structural units of the body. The reference systems include Body Cavities, Body Planes, Body Directions & Structural Units.
What are body planes? Name them. Body Planes are imaginary vertical & horizontal lines used to divide the body into sections for descriptive purposes. They are SAGGITAL, MID SAGGITAL & TRANSVERSE.
What body position is considered "anatomically correct"? Standing straight with the body standing tall & facing forward, with arms down to the side and palms facing outward toward the front of the body.
Name & describe the 2 main Body Direction terms. Ventral- The front or belly side of the body Dorsal- The Back side of the body
Describe the Vertical Body Planes. Saggital/ Divides the body into equal left & right parts Midsaggital/ Divides the body into unequal left & right parts Frontal/ Divides the body into anterior (front) & dorsal (back) parts. Also known as "coronal"
Describe the Horizontal Body Planes. Transverse/ Divides the body into equal top & bottom parts. Can be at the waist or any other level across the body
Name & describe secondary Body Terms Cephalic- Toward the head Caudal- Toward the feet Anterior (ventral)- Toward the back Posterior (dorsal)- Toward the front
Created by: rbrasier
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