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Medical Terminology

A word association approach

TermDefinition
cyto cell
calculi stone
cardio heart
lactin milk
naso nose
laryngo larynx; voice box
derma skin
tracheo trachea; wind pipe
oculo eye
neuro nerves
cerebro brain
pedi foot
osteo bone
dactyl finger
cranio skull
gastro stomach
thermic heat
psych mind
madaro falling hair
lith stone
lip fat
lingua tongue
homeo, homo same, similar, like
glyco sugar, sweet
cele tumor, cyst, hernia
adeno gland
vas duct, vessel
sperma, spermato seed
salping tube, fallopian
arterio artery
aortal aorta, main artery
angio vessel
ova, ovi, ovo egg
orchido testicle
oophoro ovary
thrombo blood clot
phleb vein
hema, hemo blood
emia blood
emboli vessel obstruction
natal born
metr uterus
mast breast
hyster - his+tear uterus
genito reproductive system
ectasis expansion
cili sill+ee hairlike processes
broncho bronchi, airway
ventricu heart cavity
vena vein
vaso vay+so blood vessel
varico varicose veins
galacto milk
cervi serve+vee neck; uterus
bulbo bulblike; bulbourethral gland
uro urine
ptysis tie+sis to spit
pneumo lung
pleura pluh+rah rib side
pector breast, chest
oxy oxygen
oro mouth
urina urine
uric pertaining to urine
uri urine
urethro urethra
urtero your+uh+tuh+row ureter
reni ree+knee kidney
pyelo pie+el+oh pelvis
hapsia touch
dent teeth
cutis skin
rhin nose
pulmo pull+moe lungs
peritoneo pear+uh+toe+knee+oh lining of abdominal organs
nephro kidney
glomerule glum+uh+rule+oh nephron part; little ball
cysto bladder
creatinine a waste material in urine
tempora temporal
pons bridges
parietes parietal; wall part
sclero hard
sarco flesh
psora itch
prurigo pru+rig+oh itching
pedicular puh+dick+you+ler lice
onychia oh+nick+ee+uh nail beds
onco tumor
odont oh+don+t teeth
oto ear
ophthalmo op+thal+moe eye
occiput awk+see+put back of skull
meningo - not a hard g membranes; spinal cord
medulla brain middle
esthesia sensation
encephalo brain
audio sound
spondyl spawn+dill vertebra
entero intestine
emesis vomiting
colon large intestine
chole coal+lee bile; gallbladder
tricho hair
squama scaly
ortho straighten
myo muscle
myel bone marrow
manus hand
ili hip
viscero body organs
stoma opening; mouth
pyloro pie+lore+oh pylorus; gatekeeper
procto anus; rectum
myxo mix+oh mucus
laparo lap+uh+row abdomen
ile ill+lee ileum
hepat liver
glosso tongue
costa cost+uh rib
chondro cartilage
arthro joint
carpo wrist
radi rays
pyo pus
melano- black
leuko- white
erythr- red
-cyano- blue
-cirrhos- yellow
-chrom- color
-cholor- green
xero- dry
xeno- foreign
-albus- white
-otomy incision
macro- large, long
-lysis disintegration
-logia, -logy science of
kypho- humped
-kinesis- movement
juxta- near
-itis inflammation of
-isis, -asis condition of
intra- within
inter- between
-ic pertaining to
-iatric medicine
mono- single, one
-micro- small
-mega-, -megaly- enlargement
-med-, -medi-, -medio- middle
-malacia- softening
-iasis condition of
xantho- yellow
rubeo- red
-osis condition
-oma tumor
-ology study of
-oligo- few
-oid like, shape, resemble
ob- against
neo- new
multi- many
rhodo- rose
purpura- purple, porphyria
polio- gray
ecto- outside
-ectomy- excision
endo- within
epi- outer, on top of, over
exo- away from
-extra- outside, beyond
ferro- iron
-fore- before
-form- shape of
-graphy- writing, record
hemi- half
hydra- hydro- water
hyper- above
hypo- below
-pachy- thick
-para near, departure from the norm
-path- disease
-penia deficiency
peri- around
-pexy fixation; suspension
-phobia fear of
-phoresis transmission
-plasty plastic surgical correction
-plegia paralysis; stroke
-poly- many
-post- after
pre- before
pro- in front of; on behalf of
pseudo- false
-ptosis falling
re- again, back
retro- backward
-rrhaph suture
-rhexis rupture
-scopy exam
semi- half
sphygmo- pulse
sub- below
super- supra- above
-sym-, -syn- together
tachy- swift, fast
tele- distance
-toxo- toxic, poison
trans- across
tri- three
ultra- above
Created by: pbrittle922
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