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10 13 2020 EMT exam
Joe you better pass
|solid organs: definition and examples
|spleen, liver, pancreas. Bleed when injured.
|hollow organs: definition and examples
|stomach, intestines, bladder, gallbladder
|abdominal cavity : diaphragm to pelvis
|what is the circulatory system
|order of the heart
|right atrium to right ventricle to lungs oxygenated by the lungs left atrium to left ventricle to body (aorta) deoxygenated by the body
|order of the lung
|trachea bronchi bronchioles alveoli (inside alveolar sac)
|the giant artery leaving the heart
|away from: extremities are distal your torso
|vasovagal syncope: fainting because your body overreacts to triggers / stimuli blood pressure and heart rate plummet, loss of blood to the brain, lose consciousness also called neurocardiogenic syncope
|end stage renal disease commonly called Kidney Failure, last stage. There is no function left in the kidneys essentially
|dialysis involving fluid exchange using the periotoneal (abdominal) cavity . clean fluid is entered using a port, waste fluid is exchanged later
|uses the arteries. Involves a machine to clean the blood.
|HD graft loop
|HD machine pulls from loop and puts blood back through loop
|low iron count: impacts ability to transmit oxygen
|sickle cell anemia
|shape of blood cell. leads to outsized amount of clots (deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism)
|food (nuts, shellfish, etc.), insects (stinging, venomous insects), plants (oil based irritants like poison ivy, sap based OR fun crystal based irritants!
|pain of the organs of your torso (thorax and or pelvic and or abdominal regions)
|high buildup of sugars resulting in high acids (ketones)
|type 1 diabetes
|child onset: no insulin
|type 2 diabetes
|TYPICALLY adult onset: poor regulation of insulin
|inhaled, ingested, absorbed, injected
|naloxone (narcotics) activated charcoal (ingested poisons)
|sprays, cleaning fluid, gases
|rat poison, lyes, etc.
|household cleaners, pesticides
|what is the purpose of activated charcoal?
|given to a patient to prevent absorption of toxins in the stomach
|what is the purpose of naloxone?
|immediately reverses overdose of opiates
|alcohol withdrawal can manifest as...
|DTs: delirium tremens. shakes etc.
|blood, liver, bone marrow (red), spleen
|arrive at scene, examine environment, check patient if conscious begin inquiry, ask what the emergency is assess for suicide: threats, plans, previous attempts, depression, aggression or hostility, family information or misinformation
|what is involved in a suicide assessment?
|threats, plans, previous attempts, depression, stress levels, emotional trauma, age (highest rates are young and old, bimodal), sudden improvement from depression