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Chapter 1 Anatomy

Anatomy terms

TermDefinition
Anatomical Position Body is in an erect, or standing, posture with the arms at the sides and palms turned forward). The head and feet are also pointing forward
Ipsilateral Same side
Contralateral Opposite side
Supine The body is lying face upward
Prone The body is lying face downward
Superior Towards the head
Inferior Towards the feet
Anterior/ Ventral Front
Posterior/Dorsal Back
Medial Towards the middle
Lateral Towards the side
Proximal Toward or nearest the trunk of the body, or nearest the point of origin of one of its parts
Distal Away from or farthest from the trunk or the point of origin of a body part.
Superficial Nearer the surface
Deep Farther away from the body surface
Lumen Hollow area of organs
Central Near the center
Peripheral Around the boundary
Medullary Inner region or core of an organ
Cortical Outer region or layer of an organ
Basal The base or widest part of an organ
Apical The narrow tip of an organ
Acromial Shoulder
Antebrachial Forearm
Antecubital Depressed area just in front of elbow (cubital fossa)
Axillary Armpit (axilla)
Brachial Arm
Buccal Cheek (inside
Calcaneal Heel of foot
Carpal Wrist
Cephalic Head
Cervical Neck
Coxal Hip
Crural Leg
Cubital Elbow
Digital Fingers or toes
Gluteal Buttock
Hallux Great toe
Inguinal Groin
Lumbar Lower part of back between ribs and pelvis
Manual Hand
Mental Chin
Navel Area around navel, or umbilicus
Olecranal back of elbow
Orbital or ophthalmic Eyes
Otic Ear
Palmar Palm of hand
Patellar Front of knee
Pedal Foot
Perineal Area (perineum) between anus and genitals
Pollex Thumb
Popliteal Area behind knee
Pubic Pubis
Supraclavicular Area above clavicle
Sural Calf
Tarsal Ankle
Temporal Side of head
Thoracic Chest
Zygomatic Cheek (outside)
Created by: Gdstoddart
 

 



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